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UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-K
(Mark One)
þ
ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the fiscal year ended June 30, 2019                     
OR
o
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934 [NO FEE REQUIRED]
For the transition period from ___________ to _____________
Commission File
Number
 
Registrant; State of Incorporation;
Address and Telephone Number
 
IRS Employer
Identification No.
1-34434
 
MSG NETWORKS INC.
 
27-0624498
Delaware
11 Pennsylvania Plaza
New York, NY 10001
(212) 465-6400
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each class:
Trading Symbol(s)
Name of each Exchange on which Registered:
Class A Common Stock
MSGN
New York Stock Exchange
Indicate by check mark if the Registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes þ No o
Indicate by check mark if the Registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act. Yes o No þ
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant has been required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes þ No o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Website, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes þ No o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer," "smaller reporting company," and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer þ
Accelerated filer o
Non-accelerated filer o
Smaller reporting company o
Emerging growth company o
 
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the Registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. o
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes o No þ
Aggregate market value of the voting and non-voting common equity held by non-affiliates of MSG Networks Inc. as of June 30, 2019 computed by reference to the price at which the common equity was last sold on the New York Stock Exchange as of December 31, 2018, the last business day of the registrant’s most recently completed second fiscal quarter, was approximately
$1.4 billion.
Number of shares of common stock outstanding as of July 31, 2019:
Class A Common Stock — 61,286,747
Class B Common Stock — 13,588,555
Documents incorporated by reference — Certain information required for Part III of this report is incorporated herein by reference to the proxy statement for the 2019 annual meeting of the Company’s shareholders, expected to be filed within 120 days after the close of our fiscal year.
 


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PART I
Item 1. Business
MSG Networks Inc., incorporated on July 29, 2009, is a Delaware corporation with our principal executive offices at 11 Pennsylvania Plaza, New York, NY, 10001. Unless the context otherwise requires, all references to “we,” “us,” “our” or the “Company” refer collectively to MSG Networks Inc., a holding company, and its direct and indirect subsidiaries through which substantially all of our operations are conducted. Our telephone number is 212-465-6400, our website is http://www.msgnetworks.com and the investor relations section of our website is http://investor.msgnetworks.com. We make available, free of charge through the investor relations section of our website, annual reports on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q and current reports on Form 8-K and amendments to those reports filed or furnished pursuant to Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), as well as proxy statements, as soon as reasonably practicable after we electronically file such material with, or furnish it to, the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). References to our website in this report are provided as a convenience and the information contained on, or available through, our website is not part of this or any other report we file with or furnish to the SEC.
On September 30, 2015 (the “Distribution Date”), the Company distributed to its stockholders all of the outstanding common stock of The Madison Square Garden Company (“MSG”) (the “Distribution”). Following the Distribution, the Company no longer consolidates the financial results of MSG for purposes of its own financial reporting and the historical financial results of MSG through the Distribution Date, as well as transaction costs related to the Distribution, have been classified in the Company’s consolidated financial statements as discontinued operations for all periods presented.
Our Company
The Company, an industry leader in sports production, and content development and distribution, owns and operates two award-winning regional sports and entertainment networks, MSG Network (“MSGN”) and MSG+, collectively “MSG Networks.” For 50 years, we have been a pioneer in regional sports programming, setting a standard of excellence, creativity and technological innovation. Today, our exclusive, award-winning programming continues to be a valuable differentiator for our viewers, advertisers and the cable, satellite, telephone, and other platforms that distribute our networks (“Distributors”). Our networks are widely distributed throughout all of New York State and significant portions of New Jersey and Connecticut, as well as parts of Pennsylvania, collectively our “Regional Territory.” Our networks are also carried nationally by certain Distributors on sports tiers or in similar packages.
We continually seek to enhance the value that our networks provide to viewers, advertisers and Distributors by delivering high-quality, best-in-class content and live viewing experiences, utilizing state-of-the-art technology. We operate in the nation’s largest television market, the New York Designated Market Area (“DMA”), and attract an important and coveted viewer demographic. Our unique position in this major media market, as the provider of exclusive live local games of top professional sports teams and other sports programming, allows us to optimize distribution revenue and partner with marquee brands to capture advertising sales and explore new content opportunities. We also distribute programming through our companion streaming service, MSG GO. In addition, we utilize a dedicated website and social media platforms to promote our brands by sharing content, spotlighting on-air talent, and providing in-depth information about the teams and athletes featured on our networks.
Programming
MSGN debuted as the first regional sports network in the country on October 15, 1969. During the last 50 years, we have been at the forefront of the industry, pushing the boundaries of regional sports coverage. In the process, our networks have become a powerful platform for some of the world’s greatest athletes and entertainers.
With our commitment to programming excellence, we have earned a reputation for best-in-class programming, production, marketing, and technical innovation. We have won more than 140 New York Emmy Awards (“Emmys”) for live sports and original programming during the last decade, which is more than any other single station or network in the region over that time frame.
The foundation of our programming is our professional sports coverage. MSGN and MSG+ feature a wide range of compelling sports content, including exclusive live local games and other programming of the New York Knicks (the “Knicks”) of the National Basketball Association (“NBA”); the New York Rangers (the “Rangers”), New York Islanders (the “Islanders”), New Jersey Devils (the “Devils”) and Buffalo Sabres (the “Sabres”) of the National Hockey League (“NHL”); as well as significant coverage of the New York Giants (the “Giants”), and Buffalo Bills (the “Bills”) of the National Football League (“NFL”). Our arrangements include long-term media rights agreements with all of our NBA and NHL teams.

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MSGN and MSG+ collectively aired more than 450 live professional games this past year, along with a comprehensive lineup of other sporting events, including college football and basketball, as well as original programming designed to give fans behind-the-scenes access and insight into the teams and players they love. This content includes comprehensive pre- and post-game coverage throughout the seasons, along with team-related programming that features coaches, players and more, all of which enable us to capitalize on the extraordinary enthusiasm of our teams’ fans. Further distinguishing these shows is our roster of renowned analysts and on-air talent, which include Mike Breen, Walt Frazier, Sam Rosen, Joe Micheletti, Al Trautwig, Bill Pidto, and Kenny Albert, among others. As the regional sports home of both the Giants and the Bills, our networks feature extensive content specifically for fans of both teams, which, during the 2018-19 NFL season, included pre- and post-game content and other team-related programming.
In addition to our live games and team-related programming, we offer an evolving slate of compelling content to appeal to our existing audiences, while seeking to attract new viewers. This includes the continued expansion of our “MSG Shorts” programming block, which features short-form content, targeted to a younger audience, that is suited for our linear networks as well as digital and social platforms. Programming highlights this past year included original productions such as “Unfiltered,” “Verified,” “Connections,” and “Conference Room B,” which provided access to players, coaches, and celebrity guests with unique points of view; as well as popular shows such as “Sneaker Shopping” and “Hot Ones” from Complex, a global lifestyle media brand. As part of our MSG Shorts programming, we also launched themed content specials throughout the year — “Food Week,” “Wellness Week,” and “Sneaker Week” — that provided fans with an inside look into how these popular interests relate to the lives of athletes, coaches, and celebrities. This past year we also debuted “MSG 150” — an original production that aired weeknights for more than 10 weeks and offered viewers 150 minutes of content surrounding our teams and New York sports, covering important topics such as the NBA lottery, the NBA and NHL drafts and free agency, and the start of Giants mini-camp.
Our networks also showcase a wide array of other sports and entertainment programming, which this past year included New York Red Bulls soccer; Westchester Knicks basketball; New York Streets arena football; Hofstra Men’s basketball; New York Lizards lacrosse; Bundesliga soccer; as well as tennis, mixed martial arts, and boxing programs.
In addition to MSGN and MSG+, the Company distributes programming through our companion streaming service, MSG GO. MSG GO allows subscribers to access MSGN and MSG+ and on demand content in a subscriber’s geographic region, using their smartphones, tablets and computers. MSG GO is currently available to subscribers of all of our major Distributors.
Revenue
The Company generates revenues principally from affiliation fees charged to Distributors for the right to carry our networks, as well as from the sale of advertising. The following customers each accounted for more than 10% of consolidated revenues for the year ended June 30, 2019: Altice USA, AT&T, Charter, and Verizon.
Affiliation Fee Revenue
Our networks are distributed pursuant to carriage agreements that are typically structured as multi-year agreements with staggered expiration dates and generally provide for annual contractual rate increases. We primarily earn revenue under these agreements based on the number of each Distributor’s subscribers or subscribers that receive our networks. Our affiliation agreements include certain protections relating to the manner in which our networks are carried, and the compensation for such carriage. Examples of such protections include: carriage requirements; penetration minimums (which require that our networks are made available to significant percentages of our Distributors’ basic subscribers); tag-along requirements (which require that MSGN and MSG+ are carried on the same tier as certain other networks); and/or payment minimums (which require us to be compensated based on significant percentages of our Distributors’ subscribers). Affiliation fee revenue constituted approximately 90% of our consolidated revenues for the year ended June 30, 2019.
MSGN and MSG+ are widely carried by major Distributors in our region, with an average combined reach of approximately 6.5 million viewing subscribers (as of the most recent available monthly information) in our Regional Territory. Our networks also enjoy national distribution with certain Distributors on sports tiers or in similar packages.
Advertising Revenue
The Company’s programming, Regional Territory and viewer demographics make our networks attractive to advertisers. Our networks operate in the largest television market in the country, the New York DMA, and, with our exclusive live game coverage, offer advertisers an increasingly scarce asset in today’s evolving media landscape — the ability to reach engaged audiences on a live basis. MSG Networks’ viewers, a significant portion of whom are between the ages of 25-54 with high household incomes, also offer an appealing demographic for advertisers.

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In addition, we benefit from our advertising sales representation agreement with MSG, which provides for the packaged sale of certain network advertising inventory as part of team and arena marketing and sponsorship sales.
The Company’s advertising revenue is derived largely from the sale of inventory in its live professional sports programming. The value of this inventory is dependent upon a number of factors, including team performance, ratings, and general economic conditions. Advertising time is sold both in advance and in scatter markets.
Garden of Dreams Foundation
Our Company has a close association with the Garden of Dreams Foundation (the “Foundation”), a non-profit charity that has brightened the lives of more than 375,000 children and their families. The Foundation, which started in 2006, works with 30 partner organizations throughout the tristate area, including hospitals, wish organizations and community-based organizations, to reach children who are facing challenges, such as homelessness, extreme poverty, illness, and foster care. The Foundation takes pride in its commitment to truly change lives, hosting more than 500 events and programs each year. The Company and the Foundation present “MSG Classroom,” an award-winning educational program to teach high school students about the media industry. The eight-week program provides a hands-on opportunity for students to develop skills, including broadcasting, script writing and production, and culminates with the students creating their own programming feature. The MSG Classroom program has been recognized with multiple Beacon Awards in the “Education” category, as well as a New York Emmy Award in the “Community Service” category.
Regulation
The Federal Communications Commission (“FCC”) imposes regulations directly on programming networks and also imposes regulations on certain distributors that affect programming networks indirectly. The rules, regulations, policies and procedures affecting our business are subject to change. The following paragraphs describe the existing legal and regulatory requirements that are most significant to our business today; they do not purport to describe all present and proposed laws and regulations affecting our business.
Closed Captioning
Our programming networks must provide closed captioning of video programming for the hearing impaired and meet certain captioning quality standards. The FCC and certain of our affiliation agreements require us to certify compliance with such standards. We are also required to provide closed captioning on certain video content delivered via the Internet.
Commercial Loudness
FCC rules require multichannel video programming distributors (“MVPDs”) to ensure that all commercials comply with specified volume standards, and certain of our affiliation agreements require us to certify compliance with such standards.
Advertising Restrictions on Children’s Programming
Any programming and associated Internet websites intended primarily for children 12 years of age and under that we may offer must comply with certain limits on commercial content.
Obscenity Restrictions
Distributors are prohibited from transmitting obscene programming, and certain of our affiliation agreements require us to refrain from including such programming on our networks.
Packaging and Pricing
The FCC periodically considers examining whether to adopt rules regulating how programmers package and price their networks, such as whether programming networks require distributors to purchase and carry undesired programming in return for the right to carry desired programming and, if so, whether such arrangements should be prohibited.
Effect of “Must-Carry” Requirements
The FCC’s implementation of the statutory “must-carry” obligations requires cable and satellite distributors to give broadcasters preferential access to channel space. This may reduce the amount of channel space that is available for carriage of our networks and the amount of funds that Distributors have to pay us for our programming networks.

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Website and Mobile Application Requirements
We maintain various websites and mobile applications that may be subject to third-party application store requirements, as well as a range of federal, state and local laws such as privacy, accessibility for persons with disabilities, and consumer protection regulations.
Competition
Distribution of Programming Networks
The business of distributing programming networks is highly competitive. Our programming networks face competition from other programming networks, including other regional sports networks, for the right to be carried by a particular distributor, and for the right to be carried on the service tier(s) that will attract the most subscribers. Once a programming network of ours is carried by a distributor, that network competes for viewers not only with the other programming networks available through the distributor, but also with pay-per-view programming and video on demand offerings, as well as Internet and online streaming and on demand services, mobile applications, social media and social networking platforms, radio, print media, motion picture theaters, home video, and other sources of information, sporting events and entertainment. Each of the following competitive factors are important to our networks: the prices we charge for our programming networks, the quantity, quality (in particular, the performance of the sports teams whose media rights we control), and the variety of the programming offered on our networks, and the effectiveness of our marketing efforts.
Our ability to successfully compete with other programming networks for distribution may be hampered because the distributors may be affiliated with other programming networks. In addition, because such affiliated distributors may have a substantial number of subscribers, the ability of such competing programming networks to obtain distribution on affiliated distributors may lead to increased subscriber and advertising revenue for such networks because of their increased penetration compared to our programming networks. Even if such affiliated distributors carry our programming networks, there is no assurance that such distributors will not place their affiliated programming network on more desirable tier(s), thereby giving the affiliated programming network a competitive advantage over our own.
New or existing programming networks that are owned by or affiliated with broadcast networks such as NBC, ABC, CBS or Fox may have a competitive advantage over our networks in obtaining distribution through the “bundling” of agreements to carry those programming networks with the agreement giving the distributor the right to carry a broadcast station owned by or affiliated with the network.
In addition, content providers (such as certain broadcast and cable networks) and new content developers, distributors and syndicators (such as Amazon and Netflix), are distributing programming directly to consumers on an “over-the-top” (“OTT”) basis. Such direct-to-consumer OTT distribution of content may facilitate consumers eliminating or downgrading their pay television subscription, which can result in certain consumers not receiving our programming networks. 
See “Item 1A. Risk Factors — Our Business Faces Intense and Wide-Ranging Competition Which May Have a Material Negative Effect on Our Business and Results of Operations” and “— We May Not Be Able to Adapt to New Content Distribution Platforms and to Changes in Consumer Behavior Resulting From Emerging Technologies, Which May Have a Material Negative Effect on Our Business and Results of Operations. See also “Part II — Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations — Business Overview — Revenue Sources.”
Sources of Programming
We also compete with other networks and other distribution outlets to secure desired programming, including sports-related programming. Competition for programming increases as the number of programming networks and distribution outlets, including, but not limited to, streaming outlets, increases. Other programming networks, or distribution outlets, that are affiliated with or otherwise have larger relationships with programming sources such as sports teams or leagues, movie or television studios, or film libraries may have a competitive advantage over us in this area.
Competition for Sports Programming Sources
Because the loyalty of the sports viewing audience to a sports programming network is primarily driven by loyalty to a particular team or teams, access to adequate sources of sports programming is particularly critical to our networks. In connection with the Distribution, the Company entered into long-term media rights agreements with MSG providing us with the exclusive media rights to Knicks and Rangers games, and the Company has long-term media rights agreements with the Islanders, Devils and Sabres. Our rights with respect to these professional teams may be limited in certain circumstances due to rules imposed by the leagues in which they compete. Our programming networks compete for telecast rights for other teams or events principally with national or regional programming networks that specialize in or carry sports programming; local and

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national commercial broadcast television networks; independent syndicators that acquire and resell such rights nationally, regionally and locally; and Internet and mobile-based distributors of programming. Some of our competitors may own or control, or are owned or controlled by, sports teams, leagues or sports promoters, which gives them an advantage in obtaining telecast rights for such teams or sports. For example, two professional sports teams located in New York have ownership interests in programming networks featuring the games of their teams. Distributors may also contract directly with the sports teams in their local service areas for the right to distribute games on their platforms.
The increasing amount of sports programming available on a national basis, including pursuant to national media rights arrangements (e.g., NBA on ABC, ESPN, and TNT and NHL on NBC and NBC Sports Network), as part of league-controlled sports programming networks (e.g., NBA TV and NHL Network), in out-of-market packages (e.g., NBA League Pass and NHL Center Ice), league and other websites, mobile applications and streaming outlets, may have an adverse impact on our competitive position as our programming networks compete for distribution and for viewers.
Competition for Advertising Revenue
The level of our advertising revenue depends in part upon unpredictable and volatile factors beyond our control, such as viewer preferences, the quality and appeal of the competing programming and the availability of other entertainment activities. See “Item 1A. Risk Factors — We Derive Substantial Revenues From the Sale of Advertising Time and Those Revenues Are Subject to a Number of Factors, Many of Which Are Beyond Our Control.
Employees
As of June 30, 2019 we had approximately 180 full-time union and non-union employees and 640 part-time union and non-union employees. As of June 30, 2019, approximately 75% of the Company’s workforce is subject to collective bargaining agreements (“CBAs”). As of June 30, 2019, approximately 52% of the Company’s workforce that is subject to a CBA is covered by a CBA that has expired. In addition, as of June 30, 2019, approximately 15% of the Company’s workforce that is subject to a CBA is covered by a CBA that expires within the next fiscal year. Labor relations in general and in the sports and entertainment industry in particular can be volatile, though we believe that our current relationships with our unions taken as a whole are positive.
Financial Information about Segments and Geographic Areas
The Company operates and reports financial information in one segment. Substantially all revenues and assets of the Company are attributed to or located in the United States, and are primarily concentrated in the New York City metropolitan area. Financial information for each of the years ended June 30, 2019, 2018, and 2017 is set forth in “Part II — Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations,” and “Part II — Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data,” of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.
Item 1A. Risk Factors
The Success of Our Business Depends on Affiliation Fees We Receive Under Our Affiliation Agreements, the Loss of Which or Renewal of Which on Less Favorable Terms May Have a Material Negative Effect on Our Business and Results of Operations.
Our success is dependent upon the existence and terms of our agreements with Distributors. Existing affiliation agreements of our programming networks expire at various dates. We cannot provide assurances that we will be able to renew these affiliation agreements or obtain terms as attractive as our existing agreements in the event of a renewal.
Affiliation fees constitute a significant majority of our revenues. Changes in affiliation fee revenues result from a combination of changes in rates and/or changes in subscriber counts. Reductions in the license fees that we receive per subscriber or in the number of subscribers for which we are paid, including as a result of a loss of or reduction in carriage of our programming networks, would adversely affect our affiliation fee revenue. For example, our affiliation fee revenue declined in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2019 due to an acceleration of subscriber losses in the period. Distributors may introduce, market and/or modify tiers of programming networks that could impact the number of subscribers that receive our programming networks, including tiers of programming that may exclude our networks. Any loss or reduction in carriage would also decrease the potential audience for our programming, which may adversely affect our advertising revenues. See “— If the Rate of Decline in the Number of Subscribers to Traditional MVPDs Services Increases or These Subscribers Shift to Other Services or Bundles That Do Not Include the Company’s Programming Networks, There May Be a Material Negative Effect on the Company’s Affiliation Revenues.
Our affiliation agreements generally require us to meet certain content criteria, such as minimum thresholds for professional event telecasts throughout the year on our networks. If we were unable to meet these criteria, we could become subject to

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remedies available to the Distributors, which may include fee reductions, rebates or refunds and/or termination of these agreements in some cases.
In addition, under certain circumstances, an existing affiliation agreement may expire and the parties may have not finalized negotiations of either a renewal of that agreement or a new agreement for certain periods of time. In certain of these circumstances, Distributors may continue to carry the service(s) until the execution of definitive renewal or replacement agreements (or until we or the Distributor determine that carriage should cease).
Occasionally we may have disputes with Distributors over the terms of our affiliation agreements. If not resolved through business discussions, such disputes could result in litigation or actual or threatened termination of an existing agreement.
Our business is dependent upon affiliation relationships with a limited number of Distributors. The loss of any of our significant Distributors, the failure to renew on terms as attractive as our existing agreements (or to do so in a timely manner) or disputes with our counterparties relating to the interpretation of their agreements with us could materially negatively affect our business and results of operations. See “— We Depend on a Limited Number of Distributors for a Significant Portion of Our Revenues and Further Industry Consolidation Could Adversely Affect Our Business and Results of Operations.
We Depend on a Limited Number of Distributors for a Significant Portion of Our Revenues and Further Industry Consolidation Could Adversely Affect Our Business and Results of Operations.
The pay television industry is highly concentrated, with a relatively small number of distributors serving a significant percentage of pay television subscribers that receive our programming networks, thereby affording the largest distributors significant leverage in their relationship with programming networks, including us. Substantially all of our affiliation fee revenue comes from our top five Distributors. Further consolidation in the industry could reduce the number of distributors available to distribute our programming networks and increase the negotiating leverage of certain distributors, which could adversely affect our revenue. In some cases, if a Distributor is acquired, the affiliation agreement of the acquiring Distributor will govern following the acquisition. In those circumstances, the acquisition of a Distributor that is a party to one or more affiliation agreements with us on terms that are more favorable to us than that of the acquirer could have a material negative impact on our business and results of operations. See Note 17 to the consolidated financial statements included in Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.
Our Business Faces Intense and Wide-Ranging Competition Which May Have a Material Negative Effect on Our Business and Results of Operations.
Our business competes, in certain respects and to varying degrees, for viewers and advertisers with other programming networks, pay-per-view, video on demand, online streaming or on demand services and other content offered by distributors and others. Additional companies, some with significant financial resources, continue to enter or are seeking to enter the video distribution market, either by offering OTT streaming services or selling devices that aggregate viewing of various OTT services. This has put pressure on the already competitive landscape. We also compete for viewers and advertisers with content offered over the Internet, social media and social networking platforms, mobile media, radio, motion picture, home video and other sources of information and entertainment and advertising services. Important competitive factors are the prices we charge for our programming networks, the quantity, quality (in particular, the performance of the sports teams whose media rights we control), and the variety of the programming offered on our networks, and the effectiveness of our marketing efforts.
New or existing programming networks that are owned by or affiliated with broadcast networks such as NBC, ABC, CBS or Fox may have a competitive advantage over our networks in obtaining distribution through the “bundling” of agreements to carry those programming networks with the agreement giving the distributor the right to carry a broadcast station owned by or affiliated with the network. For example, regional sports networks affiliated with broadcast networks are carried on certain OTT platforms that do not currently carry our networks.
The extent to which competitive programming, including NBA and NHL games, are available on other programming networks and distribution platforms can adversely affect our competitive position.
The competitive environment in which our business operates may also be affected by technological developments. It is difficult to predict the future effect of technology on many of the factors affecting our competitive position.
With respect to advertising services, factors affecting the degree and extent of competition include prices, reach and audience demographics among others. Some of our competitors are large companies that have greater financial resources available to them than we do which could impact our viewership, and the resulting advertising revenues.

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We May Not Be Able to Adapt to New Content Distribution Platforms and to Changes in Consumer Behavior Resulting From Emerging Technologies, Which May Have a Material Negative Effect on Our Business and Results of Operations.
We must successfully adapt to technological advances in our industry, including the emergence of alternative distribution platforms. Our ability to exploit new distribution platforms and viewing technologies may affect our ability to maintain and/or grow our business. Emerging forms of content distribution provide different economic models and compete with current distribution methods in ways that are not entirely predictable. Such competition could reduce demand for our programming networks or for the offerings of our Distributors and reduce our revenue from these sources. Content providers (such as certain broadcast and cable networks) and new content developers, distributors and syndicators (such as Amazon and Netflix), are distributing programming directly to consumers on an OTT basis. Such direct-to-consumer OTT distribution of content may facilitate consumers eliminating or downgrading their pay television subscription, which can result in certain consumers not receiving our programming networks. If we are unable to offset this loss of subscribers through incremental carriage of our networks or rate increases, our business and results of operations will be adversely affected. Gaming, television and other console and device manufacturers, cable providers and others are offering and/or developing technology to offer video programming, including in some cases, various OTT platforms. Such changes may impact the revenues we are able to generate from our traditional distribution methods, by decreasing the viewership of our programming networks on cable and other MVPDs systems and/or by making advertising on our programming networks less valuable to advertisers.
In order to respond to these developments, we may need to implement changes to our business models and strategies and there can be no assurance that any such changes will prove to be successful or that the business models and strategies we develop will be as profitable as our current business models and strategies. If we fail to adapt to emerging technologies, our appeal to distribution outlets and our targeted audiences might decline and there could be a material negative effect on our business and results of operations.
In addition, advertising revenues could be significantly impacted by emerging technologies, given that advertising sales are dependent on audience measurement provided by third parties, and the results of audience measurement techniques can vary independent of the size of the audience for a variety of reasons, including difficulties related to the traditional statistical sampling methods, ability to measure new distribution platforms and viewing technologies, and the shifting of the marketplace to the use of measurement of different viewer behaviors, such as delayed viewing. In addition, multiplatform campaign verification is in its infancy, and viewership on tablets, smart phones and other digital devices, which continues to grow, is presently not measured by any one consistently applied method. Moreover, devices that allow users to fast forward or skip programming, including commercials, are causing changes in consumer behavior that may affect the desirability of our programming networks to advertisers. These variations and changes could have a significant effect on advertising revenues.
If the Rate of Decline in the Number of Subscribers to Traditional MVPDs Services Increases or These Subscribers Shift to Other Services or Bundles That Do Not Include the Company’s Programming Networks, There May Be a Material Negative Effect on the Company’s Affiliation Revenues. 
During the last few years, the number of subscribers to traditional MVPDs services in the U.S. has been declining and the rate of decline has increased in recent periods. In addition, Distributors have introduced, marketed and/or modified tiers or bundles of programming that have impacted the number of subscribers that receive our programming networks, including tiers or bundles of programming that exclude our programming networks. As a result of these factors, the Company has experienced a decrease in viewing subscribers in each of the last several fiscal years, which has adversely affected our operating results.
If traditional MVPDs service offerings are not attractive to consumers due to pricing, increased competition from OTT services, increased dissatisfaction with the quality of traditional MVPDs services, poor economic conditions or other factors, more consumers may (i) cancel their traditional MVPDs service subscriptions or choose not to subscribe to traditional MVPDs services, (ii) elect to instead subscribe to OTT services, which in some cases may be offered at a lower price-point and may not include our programming networks or (iii) elect to subscribe to smaller bundles of programming which may not include our programming networks. If the rate of decline in the number of traditional MVPDs service subscribers increases or if subscribers shift to OTT services or smaller bundles of programming that do not include the Company’s programming networks, this may have a material negative effect on the Company’s revenues.

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We Derive Substantial Revenues From the Sale of Advertising Time and Those Revenues Are Subject to a Number of Factors, Many of Which Are Beyond Our Control.
Advertising revenues depend on a number of factors, many of which are beyond our control, such as: (i) the health of the economy in the markets our businesses serve and in the nation as a whole; (ii) general economic trends in the advertising industry; (iii) team performance; (iv) the popularity of our programming; (v) the activities of our competitors, including increased competition from other forms of advertising-based media (such as Internet, mobile media, other programming networks, radio and newspaper); (vi) shifts in consumer viewing patterns, including consumers watching more ad-free content, non-traditional and shorter-form video content online, and the increased use of DVRs to skip advertisements; (vii) declining consumer tolerance for commercial interruptions; (viii) an increasing shift of advertising expenditures to online and mobile offerings; (ix) increasing audience fragmentation caused by increased availability of alternative forms of leisure and entertainment activities, such as social networking platforms and video games; (x) consumer budgeting and buying patterns; (xi) the extent of the distribution of our networks; and (xii) changes in the audience demographic for our programming. A decline in the economic prospects of advertisers or the economy in general could alter current or prospective advertisers’ spending priorities, which could cause our revenues and operating results to decline significantly in any given period. Even in the absence of a general recession or downturn in the economy, an individual business sector that tends to spend more on advertising than other sectors might be forced to reduce its advertising expenditures if that sector experiences a downturn. In such case, a reduction in advertising expenditures by such a sector may adversely affect our revenues.
The pricing and volume of advertising may be affected by shifts in spending away from more traditional media toward online and mobile offerings or towards new ways of purchasing advertising, such as through automated purchasing, dynamic advertising insertion, third parties selling local advertising spots and advertising exchanges, some or all of which may not be as advantageous to the Company as current advertising methods.
In addition, we cannot ensure that our programming will achieve favorable ratings. Our ratings depend partly upon unpredictable and volatile factors, many of which are beyond our control, such as team performance, viewer preferences, the level of distribution of our programming, competing programming and the availability of other entertainment options. A shift in viewer preferences could cause our advertising revenues to decline as a result of changes to the ratings for our programming and materially negatively affect our business and results of operations. As noted below, MSG has the exclusive right and obligation to sell our advertising availabilities on our behalf for a commission and, as a result, our advertising revenues are dependent to a material extent on MSG’s sales performance, subject to certain termination rights. See “—We Rely on MSG’s Performance Under Various Agreements.
Our Media Rights Agreements With Various Professional Sports Teams Have Varying Durations and Terms and We May Be Unable to Renew Those Agreements on Acceptable Terms or Such Rights May Be Lost for Other Reasons.
Our business is dependent upon media rights agreements with professional sports teams. Upon expiration, we may seek renewal of these agreements and, if we do, we may be outbid by competing programming networks or others for these agreements or the renewal costs could substantially exceed our costs under the current agreements. Even if we are able to renew such agreements, the Company’s results could be adversely affected if escalations in sports programming rights costs are unmatched by increases in affiliation and advertising revenues. In addition, one or more of these teams may seek to establish their own programming network or join one of our competitor’s networks and, in certain circumstances, we may not have an opportunity to bid for the media rights. Moreover, the value of these agreements may also be affected by various league decisions and/or league agreements that we may not be able to control, including a decision to alter the number of games played during a season. The value of these media rights can also be affected, or we could lose such rights entirely, if a team is liquidated, undergoes reorganization in bankruptcy or relocates to an area where it is not possible or commercially feasible for us to continue to distribute games. Any loss or diminution in the value of rights could impact the extent of the sports coverage offered by us and could materially negatively affect our business and results of operations. In addition, our affiliation agreements typically include certain remedies in the event our networks fail to meet a minimum number of professional event telecasts, and, accordingly, any loss of rights could materially negatively affect our business and results of operations.
The Actions of the NBA and NHL May Have a Material Negative Effect on Our Business and Results of Operations.
The governing bodies of the NBA and the NHL have imposed, and may impose in the future, various rules, regulations, guidelines, bulletins, directives, policies and agreements (collectively, “League Rules”), which could have a material negative effect on our business and results of operations. For example, each league imposes rules that define the territories in which we may distribute games of the teams in the applicable league. Changes to these rules or other League Rules, or the adoption of new League Rules, could have a material negative effect on our business and results of operations.

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Our Business is Substantially Dependent on the Popularity of the NBA and NHL Teams Whose Media Rights We Control.
Our business has historically been, and we expect will continue to be, dependent on the popularity of the NBA and NHL teams whose local media rights we control and, in varying degrees, those teams achieving on-court and on-ice success, which can generate fan enthusiasm, resulting in increased viewership and advertising revenues. Furthermore, success in the regular season may qualify a team for participation in the post-season, which generates increased excitement and interest in the teams, which can improve viewership and advertising revenues. In addition, if a team declines in popularity or fails to generate fan enthusiasm, this may negatively impact the terms on which our affiliate agreements are renewed. There can be no assurance that any sports team will generate fan enthusiasm or compete in post-season play and the failure to do so could result in a material negative effect on our business and results of operations.
Our Business Depends on the Appeal of Our Programming, Which May Be Unpredictable, and Increased Programming Costs May Have a Material Negative Effect on Our Business and Results of Operations.
Our business depends in part upon viewer preferences and audience acceptance of the programming on our networks. These factors are often unpredictable and subject to influences that are beyond our control, such as the quality and appeal of competing programming, general economic conditions and the availability of other entertainment options. We may not be able to successfully predict interest in proposed new programming and viewer preferences could cause new programming not to be successful or cause our existing programming to decline in popularity. An increase in our costs associated with programming, including original programming, may materially negatively affect our business and results of operations.
We May Be Unable to Obtain Programming From Third Parties on Reasonable Terms, Which Could Lead to Higher Costs.
We rely on third parties for sports and other programming for our networks. We compete with other providers of programming to acquire the rights to distribute such programming. If we fail to continue to obtain sports and other programming for our networks on reasonable terms for any reason, including as a result of competition, we could be forced to incur additional costs to acquire such programming or look for alternative programming, which may have a material negative effect on our business and results of operations.
We Face Continually Evolving Cybersecurity and Similar Risks, Which Could Result in Loss, Disclosure or Misappropriation of, or Access to, Our Confidential Information and Cause Disruption of Our Business, Damage to Our Brands and Reputation, Legal Exposure and Financial Losses.
Through our operations, we may collect, and store, including by electronic means, certain personal information that is provided to us, including through registration on our websites, mobile applications or otherwise in communication or interaction with us. These activities require the use of online services and centralized data storage, including through third party service providers. Data maintained in electronic form is subject to the risk of security incidents, including breach, compromise, intrusion, tampering, theft, misappropriation or other malicious activity. Further, hardware and operating system software and applications that we produce or procure from third parties may contain defects in design or manufacture, including “bugs” and other problems that could unexpectedly interfere with the operation of such systems. Our ability to safeguard such personal information and other confidential information, including information regarding the Company and our Distributors, advertisers and employees, is important to our business. We take these matters seriously and take significant steps to protect our stored information, including the implementation of systems and processes to thwart malicious activity. These protections are costly and require ongoing monitoring and updating as technologies change and efforts to overcome security measures become more sophisticated. Despite our efforts, the risks of a security incident cannot be entirely eliminated and our information technology and other systems that maintain and transmit consumer, Distributor, advertiser, Company, employee and other confidential information may be compromised due to employee error, computer malware or ransomware, viruses, hacking and phishing attacks, or otherwise. Such compromise could affect the security of information on our network, or that of a third-party service provider, including MSG to which we outsource information technology support. Additionally, outside parties may attempt to fraudulently induce employees, vendors or users to disclose sensitive or confidential information in order to gain access to data and systems. As a result, such sensitive and/or confidential information may be lost, disclosed, accessed or taken without authorization. See “—We Rely on MSG’s Performance Under Various Agreements for a discussion of services MSG performs on our behalf.
If we experience a security incident, our ability to conduct business may be interrupted or impaired, we may incur damage to our systems, we may lose profitable opportunities or the value of those opportunities may be diminished and we may lose revenue as a result of unlicensed use of our intellectual property. The Company may be required to incur significant expenses in order to address any security issues that arise. Further, a security incident, such as penetration of our network, affecting personal or confidential information could subject us to business and litigation risk, including costs associated with such misappropriation or misuse, and damage our reputation, including with Distributors, viewers and advertisers, which could have a material negative effect on our business and results of operations.

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The Unavailability of Satellites, Facilities, Systems and/or Software Upon Which We Rely May Have a Material Negative Effect on Our Business and Results of Operations.
We use satellite and other systems to transmit our programming services to Distributors. The distribution facilities include uplinks, communications satellites, and downlinks. Notwithstanding certain back-up and redundant systems, transmissions may be disrupted, including as a result of events that impair uplinks, downlinks or transmission facilities or the impairment of satellite or terrestrial facilities. Currently, there are a limited number of communications satellites, which are operated by third parties, available for the transmission of programming, and their continued availability may depend upon a variety of factors including business conditions, technology issues, changes in law or regulation that may limit the spectrum in which these satellites and facilities depend upon to operate and our ability to access such satellites on reasonable terms. If a disruption occurs, we may not be able to secure alternate distribution facilities in a timely manner. In addition, we rely upon various internal and third-party systems or software in the operation of our business, including, with respect to database, human resource management, and financial systems. From time to time, certain of these arrangements may not be covered by long-term agreements. In addition, such distribution facilities and/or internal or third party services, systems or software could be adversely impacted by cybersecurity threats including unauthorized breaches. The failure or unavailability of distribution facilities or these internal and third-party services, systems or software, depending upon its severity and duration, could have a material negative effect on our business and results of operations.
Theft of Our Intellectual Property May Have a Material Negative Effect on Our Business and Results of Operations.
The success of our business depends in part on our ability to maintain and monetize our intellectual property rights to our programming, technologies, digital content and other content that is material to our business. Theft of our intellectual property, including content, could have a material negative effect on our business and results of operations because it may reduce the revenue that we are able to receive from the legitimate sale and distribution of our content, undermine lawful distribution channels, limit our ability to control the marketing of our content and inhibit our ability to recoup or profit from the costs incurred to create such content. Litigation may be necessary to enforce our intellectual property rights or protect our trade secrets. Any litigation of this nature, regardless of the outcome, could cause us to incur significant costs.
We May Become Subject to Infringement or Other Claims Relating to Our Content or Technology.
From time to time, third parties may assert against us alleged intellectual property (e.g., copyright, trademark and patent) or other claims relating to our programming, technologies, digital content or other content, some of which may be important to our business. In addition, our programming could potentially subject us to claims of defamation or similar types of allegations. Any such claims, regardless of their merit, could cause us to incur significant costs. In addition, if we are unable to continue use of certain intellectual property rights, our business and results of operations could be materially negatively impacted.
Our Business Has Been Adversely Impacted and May, in the Future, Be Materially Adversely Impacted by an Economic Downturn and Financial Instability.
Our business depends upon the ability and willingness of consumers and businesses to subscribe to a package of programming that includes our networks. In addition, our business is dependent upon advertising revenues. As a result, instability and weakness of the U.S. and global economies and the negative effects on consumers’ and businesses’ discretionary spending may materially negatively affect our business and results of operations.
Weather or Other Conditions Which Are Outside Our Control May Disrupt Our Programming and May Have a Material Negative Effect on Our Business and Results of Operations.
Weather or other conditions, including natural disasters, acts of terrorism and similar events, which are outside our control may prevent us or our Distributors from providing our programming to customers, may reduce advertising expenditures and may have a material negative effect on our business and results of operations.
We Are Subject to Governmental Regulation, Which Can Change, and Any Failure to Comply With These Regulations May Have a Material Negative Effect on Our Business and Results of Operations.
Our business is subject to federal, state and local laws and regulations. Some FCC regulations apply to us directly and other FCC regulations, although imposed on distributors, affect programming networks indirectly. See “Item 1. Business — Regulation.” Legislative enactments, court actions, and federal regulatory proceedings could materially affect our programming business by modifying the rates, terms, and conditions under which we offer our programming networks to distributors and the public, or otherwise materially affect the range of our activities or strategic business alternatives. We cannot predict the likelihood or results of any such legislative, judicial, or regulatory actions. Furthermore, to the extent that regulations and laws, either presently in force or proposed, hinder or stimulate the growth of distributors, our business could be affected. The U.S.

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Congress and the FCC currently have under consideration, and may in the future adopt, amend, or repeal, laws, regulations and policies regarding a wide variety of matters that could, directly or indirectly, affect our business. The regulation of distributors is subject to the political process and has been in constant flux over the past two decades. Further material changes in the law and regulatory requirements must be anticipated. Our business and our results of operations may be materially negatively affected by future legislation, new regulation or deregulation.
Our business is, and may in the future be, subject to a variety of other laws and regulations, including licensing requirements; working conditions, labor, immigration and employment laws; and privacy laws.
Our failure to comply with applicable governmental laws and regulations, or to maintain necessary permits or licenses, could have a material negative effect on our business and results of operations.
Organized Labor Matters May Have a Material Negative Effect on Our Business and Results of Operations.
Our business is substantially dependent upon the efforts of unionized workers. As of June 30, 2019, approximately 75% of our workforce is subject to CBAs. Any labor disputes, such as strikes or lockouts, with the unions with which we have collective bargaining agreements, could have a material negative effect on our business and results of operations by impacting our ability to produce or present programming.
In addition, we may be impacted by union relations of the NBA and the NHL. Both the NBA and the NHL have experienced labor difficulties in the past and may have labor issues, such as players’ strikes or management lockouts, in the future. For example, the NBA has experienced labor difficulties, including lockouts during the 1998-99 and 2011-12 seasons, resulting in a shortened regular season in each case. The NHL has also experienced labor difficulties, including lockouts during the 1994-95 and 2012-13 seasons, resulting in a shortened regular season in each case, and a lockout beginning in September 2004, which resulted in the cancellation of the entire 2004-05 NHL season.
We Have Substantial Indebtedness and Are Highly Leveraged, Which Could Adversely Affect Our Business.
Immediately prior to the Distribution we incurred a significant amount of debt, substantially all of the proceeds of which were contributed to MSG. We may also continue to incur additional debt in the future. We are highly leveraged and expect to continue to be highly leveraged. As a result, our interest and principal payments on our borrowings are significant in relation to our revenues and cash flows. These payments reduce our earnings and cash available for other potential business purposes. This leverage also exposes us to significant risk by limiting our flexibility in planning for, or reacting to, changes in our business (whether through competitive pressure or otherwise), the cable and telecommunications industries, and the economy at large. Although our cash flows could decrease in these scenarios, our required payments in respect of indebtedness would not decrease.
In addition, our ability to make payments on, or repay or refinance, such debt, and to fund our operating and capital expenditures, depends largely upon our future operating performance. Our future operating performance, to a certain extent, is subject to general economic, financial, competitive, regulatory and other factors that are beyond our control. Furthermore, our interest expense could increase if interest rates increase because our indebtedness bears interest at floating rates or to the extent we have to refinance existing debt with higher cost debt.
We May Require Additional Financing to Fund Our Ongoing Operations and Capital Expenditures, the Availability of Which is Highly Uncertain.
The capital and credit markets can experience volatility and disruption. Such markets can exert extreme downward pressure on stock prices and upward pressure on the cost of new debt capital and can severely restrict credit availability for most issuers.
Although we have a $250 million revolving credit facility (the “Revolving Credit Facility”) (see “Note 7 to the consolidated financial statements included in Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K for more information”), our ability to draw on such facility will depend on our ability to meet certain financial tests and other conditions. In addition, there can be no assurance that we will be able to refinance any such facility in the future or raise any required additional capital or do so on favorable terms. Depending upon conditions in the financial markets and/or the Company’s financial performance, we may not be able to raise capital on favorable terms, or at all.
We May Pursue Acquisitions and Other Strategic Investments to Complement or Expand Our Business That May Not Be Successful.
We may explore opportunities to purchase or invest in other businesses or assets that could complement, enhance or expand our current business or that might otherwise offer us growth opportunities, including opportunities that may differ from the Company’s current business. Any transactions that we are able to identify and complete may involve risks, including the

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commitment of significant capital, the incurrence of indebtedness, the payment of advances, the diversion of management’s attention and resources from our existing business to develop and integrate the acquired or combined business, the inability to successfully integrate such business or assets into our operations, litigation or other claims in connection with acquisitions or against companies we invest in or acquire, our lack of control over joint venture companies and other minority investments, the risk of not achieving the intended results and the exposure to losses if the underlying transactions or ventures are not successful. Any such risks could result in a material negative effect on our business and results of operations.
We Are Controlled by the Dolan Family. As a Result of Their Control, the Dolan Family Has the Ability to Prevent or Cause a Change in Control or Approve, Prevent or Influence Certain Actions by the Company.
We have two classes of common stock:
Class A Common Stock, which is entitled to one vote per share and is entitled collectively to elect 25% of our Board of Directors.
Class B Common Stock, which is entitled to ten votes per share and is entitled collectively to elect the remaining 75% of our Board of Directors.
As of July 31, 2019, the Dolan family, including trusts for the benefit of members of the Dolan family (collectively, the “Dolan Family Group”), collectively own all of our outstanding Class B Common Stock and approximately 3.9% (inclusive of options exercisable within 60 days of the date hereof) of our outstanding Class A Common Stock, and as a result hold approximately 70.1% of the total voting power of all our outstanding common stock. The members of the Dolan Family Group holding Class B Common Stock have executed a stockholders agreement (the “Stockholders Agreement”) that has the effect of causing the voting power of the holders of our Class B Common Stock to be cast as a block with respect to all matters to be voted on by holders of Class B Common Stock. Under the Stockholders Agreement, the shares of Class B Common Stock owned by members of the Dolan Family Group (representing all of the outstanding Class B Common Stock) are to be voted on all matters in accordance with the determination of the Dolan Family Committee, except that the decisions of the Dolan Family Committee are non-binding with respect to the Class B Common Stock owned by certain Dolan family trusts that collectively own 40.5% of the outstanding Class B Common Stock (“Excluded Trusts”). The “Dolan Family Committee” consists of Charles F. Dolan and his six children, James L. Dolan, Thomas C. Dolan, Patrick F. Dolan, Kathleen M. Dolan, Deborah A. Dolan-Sweeney, and Marianne Dolan Weber. The Dolan Family Committee generally acts by a majority vote, except that approval of a going-private transaction must be approved by a two-thirds vote and approval of a change-in-control transaction must be approved by not less than all but one vote. The voting members of the Dolan Family Committee are James L. Dolan, Thomas C. Dolan, Kathleen M. Dolan, Deborah A. Dolan-Sweeney, and Marianne Dolan Weber, with each member having one vote other than James L. Dolan, who has two votes. Because James L. Dolan has two votes, he has the ability to block Dolan Family Committee approval of any Company change in control transaction. Shares of Class B Common Stock owned by Excluded Trusts are to be voted on all matters in accordance with the determination of the Excluded Trusts holding a majority of the Class B Common Stock held by all Excluded Trusts, except in the case of a vote on a going-private transaction or a change in control transaction, in which case a vote of trusts holding two-thirds of the Class B Common Stock owned by Excluded Trusts is required.
The Dolan Family Group is able to prevent a change in control of our Company and no person interested in acquiring us will be able to do so without obtaining the consent of the Dolan Family Group. The Dolan Family Group, by virtue of their stock ownership, have the power to elect all of our directors subject to election by holders of Class B Common Stock and are able collectively to control stockholder decisions on matters on which holders of all classes of our common stock vote together as a single class. These matters could include the amendment of some provisions of our certificate of incorporation and the approval of fundamental corporate transactions.
In addition, the affirmative vote or consent of the holders of at least 66 2/3% of the outstanding shares of the Class B Common Stock, voting separately as a class, is required to approve:
the authorization or issuance of any additional shares of Class B Common Stock, and
any amendment, alteration or repeal of any of the provisions of our certificate of incorporation that adversely affects the powers, preferences or rights of the Class B Common Stock.
As a result, the Dolan Family Group also has the power to prevent such issuance or amendment.
The Dolan Family Group also controls MSG and AMC Networks Inc. (“AMC Networks”).

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We Have Elected to Be a “Controlled Company” for New York Stock Exchange Purposes Which Allows Us Not to Comply With Certain of the Corporate Governance Rules of New York Stock Exchange.
Members of the Dolan Family Group have entered into the Stockholders Agreement relating, among other things, to the voting of their shares of our Class B Common Stock. As a result, we are a “controlled company” under the corporate governance rules of New York Stock Exchange (“NYSE”). Our Board of Directors has elected for the Company to be treated as a “controlled company” under NYSE corporate governance rules and not to comply with the NYSE requirement for a majority independent board of directors and for an independent corporate governance and nominating committee because of our status as a controlled company. Nevertheless, our Board of Directors has elected to comply with the NYSE requirement for an independent compensation committee.
Future Stock Sales, Including as a Result of the Exercise of Registration Rights by Certain of Our Stockholders, Could Adversely Affect the Trading Price of Our Class A Common Stock.
Certain parties have registration rights covering a portion of our shares. We have entered into registration rights agreements with Charles F. Dolan, members of his family, certain Dolan family interests and the Dolan Family Foundation that provide them with “demand” and “piggyback” registration rights with respect to approximately 15 million shares of Class A Common Stock, including shares issuable upon conversion of shares of Class B Common Stock. Sales of a substantial number of shares of Class A Common Stock could adversely affect the market price of the Class A Common Stock and could impair our future ability to raise capital through an offering of our equity securities.
We Share Certain Key Executives and Directors With MSG and/or AMC Networks, Which Means Those Executives Do Not Devote Their Full Time and Attention to Our Affairs and the Overlap May Give Rise to Conflicts.
Our Executive Chairman, James L. Dolan, also serves as Executive Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of MSG, and our Executive Vice President and General Counsel, Lawrence J. Burian, also serves as the Executive Vice President and General Counsel of MSG. As a result, not all of our executive officers devote their full time and attention to the Company’s affairs. Our Vice Chairman, Gregg G. Seibert, also serves as the Vice Chairman of both MSG and AMC Networks, and our Secretary, Mark C. Cresitello, also serves as Senior Vice President, Associate General Counsel and Secretary of MSG. In addition, one of our directors, Charles F. Dolan, is the Executive Chairman of AMC Networks. Furthermore, six members of our Board of Directors (including James L. Dolan) are also directors of MSG and six members of our Board of Directors (including James L. Dolan) are also directors of AMC Networks concurrently with their service on our Board of Directors. The overlapping officers and directors may have actual or apparent conflicts of interest with respect to matters involving or affecting each company. For example, the potential for a conflict of interest exists when we on the one hand, and MSG or AMC Networks on the other hand, look at certain acquisitions and other corporate opportunities that may be suitable for more than one of the companies. Also, conflicts may arise if there are issues or disputes under the commercial arrangements that exist between MSG or AMC Networks and us. In addition, certain of our directors and officers hold MSG and/or AMC Networks stock, performance stock units, restricted stock units, options, and/or or cash performance awards. These ownership interests could create actual, apparent or potential conflicts of interest when these individuals are faced with decisions that could have different implications for our Company and MSG or AMC Networks. See “Certain Relationships and Potential Conflicts of Interest” in our Proxy Statement filed with the SEC on October 25, 2018 and “Certain Relationships and Related Party Transactions — Certain Relationships and Potential Conflicts of Interest” in MSG’s registration statement on Form 10 filed with the SEC on September 11, 2015 for a discussion of certain procedures we instituted to help ameliorate such potential conflicts with MSG and/or AMC Networks that may arise.
Our Overlapping Directors and Executive Officers With MSG and/or AMC Networks May Result in the Diversion of Corporate Opportunities and Other Conflicts to MSG and/or AMC Networks and Provisions in Our Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation May Provide Us No Remedy in That Circumstance.
The Company acknowledges that directors and officers of the Company may also be serving as directors, officers, employees, consultants or agents of MSG and/or AMC Networks and their respective subsidiaries and that the Company may engage in material business transactions with such entities. The Company’s Board of Directors has adopted resolutions putting in place policies and arrangements whereby the Company has renounced its rights to certain business opportunities and no director or officer of the Company who is also serving as a director, officer, employee, consultant or agent of MSG and/or AMC Networks and their subsidiaries will be liable to the Company or its stockholders for breach of any fiduciary duty that would otherwise occur by reason of the fact that any such individual directs a corporate opportunity (other than certain limited types of opportunities set forth in such policies) to MSG and/or AMC Networks or any of their subsidiaries instead of the Company, or does not refer or communicate information regarding such corporate opportunities to the Company.

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We Could Have Significant Tax Liability as a Result of the Distribution.
We have obtained an opinion from Sullivan & Cromwell LLP substantially to the effect that, among other things, the Distribution qualifies as a tax-free distribution under the Internal Revenue Code, (the “Code”). The opinion is not binding on the Internal Revenue Service (the “IRS”) or the courts. Additionally, we have received a private letter ruling from the IRS concluding that certain limited aspects of the Distribution will not prevent the Distribution from satisfying certain requirements for tax-free treatment under the Code. The opinion and the private letter ruling rely on factual representations and reasonable assumptions, which if incorrect or inaccurate may jeopardize the ability to rely on such opinion and letter ruling.
If the Distribution does not qualify for tax-free treatment for U.S. federal income tax purposes, then, in general, we would be subject to tax as if we had sold the MSG common stock in a taxable sale for its fair value. MSG stockholders would be subject to tax as if they had received a distribution equal to the fair value of MSG common stock that was distributed to them, which generally would be treated first as a taxable dividend to the extent of our earnings and profits, then as a non-taxable return of capital to the extent of each holder’s tax basis in its MSG common stock, and thereafter as capital gain with respect to any remaining value. It is expected that the amount of any such taxes to MSG stockholders and us would be substantial.
We Rely on MSG’s Performance Under Various Agreements.
We have various agreements with MSG, including a distribution agreement, a tax disaffiliation agreement, a services agreement, an employee matters agreement, an advertising sales representation agreement, a trademark license agreement and media rights agreements, as well as certain other arrangements. These agreements include the allocation of employee benefits, taxes and certain other liabilities and obligations attributable to periods prior to the Distribution. In connection with the Distribution, we agreed to provide MSG with indemnities with respect to liabilities arising out of our businesses and MSG agreed to provide us with indemnities with respect to liabilities arising out of the businesses we transferred to MSG. These agreements also include arrangements with respect to support services and a number of on-going commercial relationships, including our production and exhibition of Knicks and Rangers games, the sale of our advertising inventory by MSG and our use of the “MSG” brand. The advertising sales representation agreement, services agreement and trademark license agreement are each subject to potential termination by MSG in the event MSG and the Company are no longer affiliates.
MSG provides certain business services that were performed by internal resources prior to the Distribution, such as information technology, accounts payable, payroll, tax, certain legal functions, human resources, insurance and risk management, investor relations, corporate communications, benefit plan administration and reporting and internal audit functions. These services include the collection and storage of certain personal information regarding employees and/or customers as well as information regarding the Company and our Distributors and advertisers. See also “—We Face Continually Evolving Cybersecurity and Similar Risks, Which Could Result in Loss, Disclosure or Misappropriation of, or Access to, Our Confidential Information and Cause Disruption of Our Business, Damage to Our Brands and Reputation, Legal Exposure and Financial Losses.” The services agreement expired on June 30, 2019. In connection with the expiration of the services agreement, the Company entered into an interim agreement with MSG, pursuant to which each party provides the other with the services described above on the same terms as provided in the services agreement on an interim basis while a new agreement is finalized. We expect to enter into a new services agreement which will be retroactive to July 1, 2019.
The media rights agreements provide us with the exclusive media rights to Knicks and Rangers games. Rights fees under these media rights agreements amounted to approximately $146.2 million for the year ended June 30, 2019. The rights fees increase annually and are subject to adjustments in certain circumstances, including if MSG does not make available a minimum number of games in any year.
Our advertising sales representation agreement with MSG, which has a term through June 30, 2022, provides for MSG to act as our advertising sales representative and includes the exclusive right and obligation to sell certain advertising availabilities on our behalf for a commission. All of our advertising sales personnel were transferred to MSG in connection with the Distribution. As a result of this arrangement, we depend on MSG’s performance for the sale of our advertising. The advertising sales representation agreement is subject to certain termination rights, including MSG’s right to terminate if MSG and the Company are no longer affiliates and the Company’s right to terminate if certain sales thresholds are not met unless MSG elects to pay the Company the shortfall.
The Company and MSG each rely on the other to perform its obligations under all of these agreements. If MSG were to breach, be unable to satisfy its material obligations under these agreements, including a failure to satisfy its indemnification or other financial obligations, or these agreements otherwise terminate or expire and we do not enter into replacement agreements, we could suffer operational difficulties and/or significant losses.

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Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments
None.
Item 2. Properties
Significant properties that are leased include approximately 64,000 square feet housing the Company’s administrative and executive offices and approximately 18,000 square feet of studio space in New York City.
Item 3. Legal Proceedings
The Company is a defendant in various lawsuits. Although the outcome of these matters cannot be predicted with certainty, management does not believe that resolution of these lawsuits will have a material adverse effect on the Company.
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosure
Not applicable.
PART II
Item 5. Market for the Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity
Securities
Our Class A Common Stock is listed on the NYSE under the symbol “MSGN.”
Performance Graph
The following graph compares the cumulative total return of our Class A Common Stock for the last five years with the performance for the same period of the Russell 3000 Index and S&P Composite 1500 Media Index. The comparison assumes an investment of $100 on June 30, 2014 and reinvestment of dividends. The Distribution is treated as a reinvestment of a special dividend pursuant to SEC rules. The stock price performance in this graph is not necessarily indicative of future stock performance.
http://api.tenkwizard.com/cgi/image?quest=1&rid=23&ipage=13075480&doc=17
 
Base
Period
6/30/14
 
06/30/15
 
06/30/16
 
06/30/17
 
06/30/18
 
06/30/19
MSG Networks Inc.
$
100.00

 
$
133.69

 
$
91.81

 
$
134.37

 
$
143.35

 
$
124.13

Russell 3000 Index
100.00

 
107.29

 
109.59

 
129.87

 
149.07

 
162.46

S&P Composite 1500 Media Index
100.00

 
112.77

 
108.17

 
126.19

 
126.16

 
148.70


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This performance graph shall not be deemed “filed” for purposes of Section 18 of the Exchange Act or incorporated by reference into any of our filings under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or the Exchange Act, except as expressly set forth by specific reference in such filing.
As of June 30, 2019, there were 975 holders of record of our Class A Common Stock. There is no public trading market for our Class B Common Stock. As of June 30, 2019, there were 14 holders of record of our Class B Common Stock.
We did not pay any dividend on our common stock during the 2019 and 2018 fiscal years and do not have any current plans to pay a cash dividend on our common stock for the foreseeable future. Our senior secured credit facilities restrict our ability to declare dividends in certain situations (see “Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations — Liquidity and Capital Resources — Financing Agreements”).
Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
As of June 30, 2019, the Company had approximately $136 million remaining under the $150 million Class A Common Stock share repurchase program authorized by the Company’s Board of Directors on December 7, 2017. Under the authorization, shares of Class A Common Stock may be purchased from time to time in open market or private transactions, block trades, or such other manner as the Company may determine, in accordance with applicable insider trading and other securities laws and regulations, with the timing and amount of purchases depending on market conditions and other factors. The Company funded and expects to continue to fund stock repurchases through a combination of cash on hand and cash generated by operations. The Company may also choose to fund its stock repurchase program through other funding sources including utilizing its Revolving Credit Facility. During the fiscal year ended June 30, 2019, the Company did not engage in any share repurchase activity under its share repurchase program.

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Item 6. Selected Financial Data
The operating and balance sheet data included in the following table has been derived from the consolidated financial statements of the Company and its subsidiaries and should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements included in Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K and with “Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.”
 
For Years Ended June 30,
 
2019
 
2018
 
2017
 
2016
 
2015
 
(in thousands, except per share data)
Operating Data:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Revenues
$
720,845

 
$
696,651

 
$
675,352

 
$
658,198

 
$
631,010

Direct operating expenses
300,274

 
291,082

 
271,119

 
267,233

 
215,783

Selling, general and administrative expenses
103,274

 
83,073

 
79,040

 
100,752

 
152,706

Depreciation and amortization (including impairments)
7,398

 
9,338

 
10,296

 
14,583

 
17,641

Gain on sale of Fuse

 

 

 

 
(186,178
)
Operating income
309,899

 
313,158

 
314,897

 
275,630

 
431,058

Other income (expense):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest income
6,343

 
4,388

 
2,782

 
2,368

 
2,068

Interest expense
(47,589
)
 
(43,312
)
 
(40,108
)
 
(31,683
)
 
(4,040
)
Other components of net periodic benefit cost
244

 
(1,710
)
 
(1,633
)
 
(2,044
)
 
(3,747
)
Miscellaneous expense

 

 

 
(2
)
 
(4
)
 
(41,002
)
 
(40,634
)
 
(38,959
)
 
(31,361
)
 
(5,723
)
Income from continuing operations before income taxes
268,897

 
272,524

 
275,938

 
244,269

 
425,335

Income tax benefit (expense)
(82,715
)
 
16,338

 
(108,476
)
 
(80,971
)
 
(176,905
)
Income from continuing operations
186,182

 
288,862

 
167,462

 
163,298

 
248,430

Income (loss) from discontinued operations, net of taxes (a)

 

 
(120
)
 
(155,664
)
 
6,271

Net income
$
186,182

 
$
288,862

 
$
167,342

 
$
7,634

 
$
254,701

Earnings (loss) per share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Income from continuing operations
$
2.48

 
$
3.83

 
$
2.23

 
$
2.17

 
$
3.22

Income (loss) from discontinued operations (a)

 

 

 
(2.07
)
 
0.08

Net income
2.48

 
3.83

 
2.22

 
0.10

 
3.30

Diluted
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Income from continuing operations
$
2.46

 
$
3.81

 
$
2.22

 
$
2.16

 
$
3.20

Income (loss) from discontinued operations (a)

 

 

 
(2.06
)
 
0.08

Net income
2.46

 
3.81

 
2.21

 
0.10

 
3.28

Weighted-average number of common shares outstanding:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
75,069

 
75,381

 
75,213

 
75,152

 
77,138

Diluted
75,731

 
75,820

 
75,560

 
75,527

 
77,687

Balance Sheet Data:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total assets
$
866,899

 
$
849,612

 
$
805,044

 
$
806,542

 
$
3,019,829

Total long-term debt
1,018,017

 
1,190,431

 
1,312,845

 
1,477,759

 

Total stockholders’ equity (deficiency)
(458,768
)
 
(657,742
)
 
(944,207
)
 
(1,119,958
)
 
1,723,522

(a) On the Distribution Date, the Company distributed to its stockholders all of the outstanding common stock of MSG. Following the Distribution, the Company no longer consolidates the financial results of MSG for purposes of its own financial reporting and the historical financial results of MSG through the Distribution Date, as well as transaction costs related to the Distribution, have been classified in the Company’s consolidated financial statements as discontinued operations for all periods presented. No gain or loss was recognized in connection with the Distribution.

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Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
This Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations, or MD&A, may contain forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Words such as expects, anticipates, believes, estimates, may, will, should, could, potential, continue, intends, plans, and similar words and terms used in the discussion of future operating and financial performance and plans identify forward-looking statements. Investors are cautioned that such forward-looking statements are not guarantees of future performance, results or events and involve risks and uncertainties, and that actual results or developments may differ materially from the forward-looking statements as a result of various factors. Factors that may cause such differences to occur include, but are not limited to:
the demand for our programming among cable, satellite, telephone, and other platforms (“Distributors”) and the subscribers thereto, and our ability to enter into and renew affiliation agreements with Distributors, as well as the impact of consolidation among Distributors;
the level of our revenues, which depends in part on the popularity and competitiveness of the sports teams whose games are broadcast on our networks and the popularity of other content aired on our networks;
the ability of our Distributors to maintain, or minimize declines in, subscriber levels;
the impact of subscribers selecting Distributors’ packages that do not include our networks or Distributors that do not carry our networks at all;
the security of our program signal and electronic data;
general economic conditions especially in the New York City metropolitan area where we conduct the majority of our operations;
the on-ice and on-court performance of the professional sports teams whose games we carry;
the demand for advertising and sponsorship arrangements and viewer ratings for our networks;
competition, for example, from other regional sports networks;
the relocation or insolvency of professional sports teams with which we have a media rights agreement;
our ability to maintain, obtain or produce content, together with the cost of such content;
our ability to renew or replace our media rights agreements with professional sports teams;
the acquisition or disposition of assets and/or the impact of, and our ability to successfully pursue, acquisitions or other strategic transactions, and the operating and financial performance thereof (including those that we do not control);
the costs associated with, and the outcome of, litigation and other proceedings to the extent uninsured;
the impact of governmental regulations or laws and changes in such regulations or laws, including with respect to the legalization of sports gaming;
the impact of sports league rules, regulations and/or agreements and changes thereto;
our dependence on The Madison Square Garden Company (“MSG”), AMC Networks Inc., and other third-party providers for the provision of certain services;
cybersecurity and similar risks which could result in the disclosure of confidential information, disruption of our business or damage to our brands and reputation;
our substantial debt and high leverage;
any reduction in our access to capital and credit markets or significant increases in costs to borrow;
financial community perceptions of our business, operations, financial condition and the industry in which we operate;
the tax-free treatment of the Distribution (as defined below); and

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the factors described under “Item 1A. Risk Factors” included in this Annual Report on Form 10-K.
The Company disclaims any obligation to update or revise the forward-looking statements contained herein, except as otherwise required by applicable federal securities laws.
All dollar amounts included in the following MD&A are presented in thousands, except as otherwise noted.
Introduction
This MD&A is provided as a supplement to, and should be read in conjunction with, the audited consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in this Annual Report on Form 10-K to help provide an understanding of our financial condition, changes in financial condition and results of operations. Unless the context otherwise requires, all references to “we,” “us,” “our” or the “Company” refer collectively to MSG Networks Inc., a holding company, and its direct and indirect subsidiaries through which substantially all of our operations are conducted. The Company owns and operates two regional sports and entertainment networks, MSG Network (“MSGN”) and MSG+, collectively the “MSG Networks.”
On September 30, 2015, the Company distributed to its stockholders all of the outstanding common stock of MSG (the “Distribution”). Following the Distribution, the Company no longer consolidates the financial results of MSG for purposes of its own financial reporting.
The Company operates and reports financial information in one segment.
This MD&A is organized as follows:
Business Overview. This section provides a general description of our business, as well as other matters that we believe are important in understanding our results of operations and financial condition and in anticipating future trends.
Results of Operations. This section provides an analysis of our consolidated results of operations for the years ended June 30, 2019, 2018, and 2017.
Liquidity and Capital Resources. This section provides a discussion of our financial condition and liquidity, as well as an analysis of our cash flows for the years ended June 30, 2019, 2018, and 2017.
Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements Not Yet Adopted and Critical Accounting Policies. This section provides a discussion of accounting policies considered to be important to our financial condition and results of operations and which require significant judgment and estimates on the part of management in their application. In addition, all of our significant accounting policies, including our critical accounting policies, are discussed in the notes to our consolidated financial statements included in Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

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Business Overview
The Company owns and operates two regional sports and entertainment networks, MSGN and MSG+, that feature a wide range of compelling sports content, including exclusive live local games and other programming of the New York Knicks (the “Knicks”) of the National Basketball Association (“NBA”); the New York Rangers (the “Rangers”), New York Islanders (the “Islanders”), New Jersey Devils (the “Devils”) and Buffalo Sabres (the “Sabres”) of the National Hockey League (“NHL”); as well as significant coverage of the New York Giants (the “Giants”), and Buffalo Bills (the “Bills”) of the National Football League (“NFL”).
Revenue Sources
The Company generates revenues principally from affiliation fees, as well as from the sale of advertising.
Affiliation Fee Revenue
Affiliation fee revenue is earned from Distributors for the right to carry the Company’s networks. The fees we receive depend largely on the demand from subscribers for our programming. Affiliation fee revenue constituted approximately 90% of our consolidated revenues for each of the years ended June 30, 2019 and 2018.
Advertising Revenue
The Company’s advertising revenue is largely derived from the sale of inventory in its live professional sports programming, as such, a disproportionate share of this revenue has historically been earned in the Company’s second and third fiscal quarters. In certain advertising arrangements, the Company guarantees specific viewer ratings for its programming. The Company has an advertising sales representation agreement with MSG, which has a term through June 30, 2022, that provides for MSG to act as the Company’s advertising sales representative and includes the exclusive right and obligation to sell certain advertising availabilities on the Company’s behalf for a commission. The advertising sales representation agreement is subject to certain termination rights, including MSG’s right to terminate if MSG and the Company are no longer affiliates and the Company’s right to terminate if certain sales thresholds are not met unless MSG elects to pay the Company the shortfall.
Direct Operating Expenses
Direct operating expenses primarily include the cost of professional team rights acquired under media rights agreements to telecast various sporting events on our networks, and other direct programming and production costs of our networks.
In connection with the Distribution, the Company entered into long-term media rights agreements with the Knicks and the Rangers, which provide the Company with exclusive media rights to the teams’ games in their local markets. These agreements were effective July 1, 2015. In addition, the Company has long-term media rights agreements with the Islanders, Devils and Sabres. The professional team media rights acquired under these agreements to telecast various sporting events and other programming for exhibition on our networks are typically expensed on a straight-line basis over the applicable annual contract or license period. We negotiate directly with the teams to determine the fee and other provisions of the media rights agreements. Media rights fees for sports programming are influenced by, among other things, the size and demographics of the geographic area in which the programming is distributed, and the popularity and/or the competitiveness of a team.
Other direct programming and production costs include, but are not limited to, the salaries of on-air personalities, producers, directors, technicians, writers and other creative staff, as well as expenses associated with location costs, remote facilities and maintaining studios, origination, and transmission services and facilities.
Selling, General and Administrative Expenses
Selling, general and administrative expenses primarily consist of administrative costs, including employee compensation and related benefits, professional fees, as well as sales commissions and advertising and marketing costs.
Factors Affecting Operating Results
The financial performance of our business is affected by the affiliation agreements we negotiate with Distributors, the number of subscribers of certain Distributors, and also by the advertising rates we charge advertisers. Certain of these factors in turn depend on the popularity and/or performance of the professional sports teams carried on MSG Networks as well as the cost and the attractiveness of our programming content.
Due largely to our long-term media rights agreements with our NBA and NHL teams and the generally recurring nature of our affiliation fee revenue, MSG Networks has consistently produced operating profits for a number of years. Advertising revenues

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are less predictable and can vary based upon a number of factors, including general economic conditions, team performance and the performance of MSG under our advertising sales representation agreement.
Our Company’s future performance is also dependent on the U.S. and global economies, the impact of competition, and the relative strength of our current and future advertising customers. Instability and weakness of the U.S. and global economies and the negative effects on consumers’ and businesses’ discretionary spending may materially negatively affect our business and results of operations. See “Part I — Item 1. Business — Regulation” for other factors that may affect operating results.

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Results of Operations
Comparison of the Year Ended June 30, 2019 versus the Year Ended June 30, 2018
The table below sets forth, for the periods presented, certain historical financial information and the percentage that those items bear to revenues.
 
Years Ended June 30,
 
Increase
(Decrease)
in Net
Income    
 
2019
 
2018
 
 
Amount    
 
% of
  Revenues  
 
Amount    
 
% of
  Revenues  
 
Revenues
$
720,845

 
100
 %
 
$
696,651

 
100
 %
 
$
24,194

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Direct operating expenses
300,274

 
42
 %
 
291,082

 
42
 %
 
(9,192
)
Selling, general and administrative expenses
103,274

 
14
 %
 
83,073

 
12
 %
 
(20,201
)
Depreciation and amortization
7,398

 
1
 %
 
9,338

 
1
 %
 
1,940

Operating income
309,899

 
43
 %
 
313,158

 
45
 %
 
(3,259
)
Other income (expense):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest income
6,343

 
1
 %
 
4,388

 
1
 %
 
1,955

Interest expense
(47,589
)
 
(7
)%
 
(43,312
)
 
(6
)%
 
(4,277
)
Other components of net periodic benefit cost
244

 
NM

 
(1,710
)
 
NM

 
1,954

 
(41,002
)
 
(6
)%
 
(40,634
)
 
(6
)%
 
(368
)
Income from continuing operations before income taxes
268,897

 
37
 %
 
272,524

 
39
 %
 
(3,627
)
Income tax benefit (expense)
(82,715
)
 
(11
)%
 
16,338

 
2
 %
 
(99,053
)
Net income
186,182

 
26
 %
 
288,862

 
41
 %
 
(102,680
)
___________________________________
NM – Percentage is not meaningful
In the first quarter of fiscal year 2019, the Company adopted Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606), and the subsequent ASUs that amended and/or clarified the application of ASU No. 2014-09 (collectively, “Topic 606”). See Note 2 to the consolidated financial statements included in Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K for more information. The standard was applied using the modified retrospective approach. The amount by which each financial statement line item has been affected in the current reporting period by the application of Topic 606 compared to historical policies is not material, therefore, comparative disclosures have been omitted.
Revenues
Revenues for the year ended June 30, 2019 increased $24,194, or 3%, to $720,845 as compared with the prior year. The net increase was attributable to the following:
Increase in affiliation fee revenue
$
14,130

Increase in advertising revenue
10,275

Other net decreases
(211
)
 
$
24,194

The increase in affiliation fee revenue was primarily due to higher affiliation rates, partially offset by the impact of a decrease in average subscribers of less than 4% as compared with the prior year. Our subscriber losses accelerated during the year ended June 30, 2019.
The increase in advertising revenue was primarily due to higher per-game sales from the telecast of live professional sports programming, a higher net decrease in deferred revenue related to ratings guarantees in the current year, and, to a lesser extent, higher sales from the Company’s branded content initiatives as compared with prior year.

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Direct operating expenses
Direct operating expenses for the year ended June 30, 2019 increased $9,192, or 3%, to $300,274 as compared with the prior year due to higher rights fees expense of $9,861, principally as a result of contractual rate increases, partially offset by a decrease in other programming-related costs of $669.
Selling, general and administrative expenses
Selling, general and administrative expenses for the year ended June 30, 2019 increased $20,201, or 24%, to $103,274 as compared with the prior year primarily due to higher advertising and marketing costs, higher employee compensation and related benefits (including share-based compensation expense), higher other corporate costs, and higher advertising sales commissions.
Operating income
Operating income for the year ended June 30, 2019 decreased $3,259, or 1%, to $309,899 as compared with the prior year primarily due to (as discussed above) higher selling, general and administrative expenses (including share-based compensation expense) and, to a lesser extent, higher direct operating expenses, largely offset by higher revenues and, to a lesser extent, lower depreciation and amortization.
Interest expense
Interest expense for the year ended June 30, 2019 increased $4,277, or 10%, to $47,589 as compared with the prior year primarily due to higher average interest rates in fiscal year 2019 (3.8% as compared with 3.0%), partially offset by a lower average principal balance under the Company’s term loan facility (see “Liquidity and Capital Resources — Financing Agreements”).
Income taxes
See Note 16 to the consolidated financial statements included in Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K for more information on income taxes.
Adjusted operating income
The Company evaluates performance based on several factors, of which the key financial measure is adjusted operating income. Adjusted operating income is defined as operating income before (i) depreciation, amortization and impairments of property and equipment and intangible assets, (ii) share-based compensation expense or benefit, (iii) restructuring charges or credits and (iv) gains or losses on sales or dispositions of businesses. Because it is based upon operating income, adjusted operating income also excludes interest expense (including cash interest expense) and other non-operating income and expense
items. We believe that the exclusion of share-based compensation expense or benefit allows investors to better track the performance of the Company without regard to the settlement of an obligation that is not expected to be made in cash. We believe adjusted operating income is an appropriate measure for evaluating the operating performance of our Company. Adjusted operating income and similar measures with similar titles are common performance measures used by investors and analysts to analyze our performance. Internally, we use revenues and adjusted operating income measures as the most important indicators of our business performance, and evaluate management’s effectiveness with specific reference to these indicators. Adjusted operating income should be viewed as a supplement to and not a substitute for operating income, net income, cash flows from operating activities, and other measures of performance and/or liquidity presented in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”). Since adjusted operating income is not a measure of performance calculated in accordance with GAAP, this measure may not be comparable to similar measures with similar titles used by other
companies.
The Company has presented the components that reconcile operating income, a GAAP measure, to adjusted operating income:
 
Years Ended June 30,
 
Increase (Decrease)
in Adjusted Operating Income
 
2019
 
2018
 
Operating income
$
309,899

 
$
313,158

 
$
(3,259
)
Share-based compensation expense
18,087

 
13,979

 
4,108

Depreciation and amortization
7,398

 
9,338

 
(1,940
)
Adjusted operating income
$
335,384

 
$
336,475

 
$
(1,091
)

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Adjusted operating income for the year ended June 30, 2019 decreased $1,091 to $335,384 as compared with the prior year primarily due to (as discussed above) higher selling, general and administrative expenses (excluding share-based compensation expense) and, to a lesser extent, higher direct operating expenses, largely offset by higher revenues.

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Results of Operations
Comparison of the Year Ended June 30, 2018 versus the Year Ended June 30, 2017
The table below sets forth, for the periods presented, certain historical financial information and the percentage that those items bear to revenues.
 
Years Ended June 30,
 
Increase
(Decrease)
in Net
Income    
 
2018
 
2017
 
 
Amount    
 
% of
  Revenues  
 
Amount    
 
% of
  Revenues  
 
Revenues
$
696,651

 
100
 %
 
$
675,352

 
100
 %
 
$
21,299

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Direct operating expenses
291,082

 
42
 %
 
271,119

 
40
 %
 
(19,963
)
Selling, general and administrative expenses
83,073

 
12
 %
 
79,040

 
12
 %
 
(4,033
)
Depreciation and amortization
9,338

 
1
 %
 
10,296

 
2
 %
 
958

Operating income
313,158

 
45
 %
 
314,897

 
47
 %
 
(1,739
)
Other income (expense):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest income
4,388

 
1
 %
 
2,782

 
NM

 
1,606

Interest expense
(43,312
)
 
(6
)%
 
(40,108
)
 
(6
)%
 
(3,204
)
Other components of net periodic benefit cost
(1,710
)
 
NM

 
(1,633
)
 
NM

 
(77
)
 
(40,634
)
 
(6
)%
 
(38,959
)
 
(6
)%
 
(1,675
)
Income from continuing operations before income taxes
272,524

 
39
 %
 
275,938

 
41
 %
 
(3,414
)
Income tax benefit (expense)
16,338

 
2
 %
 
(108,476
)
 
(16
)%
 
124,814

Income from continuing operations
288,862

 
41
 %
 
167,462

 
25
 %
 
121,400

Loss from discontinued operations, net of taxes

 
NM

 
(120
)
 
NM

 
120

Net income
$
288,862

 
41
 %
 
$
167,342

 
25
 %
 
$
121,520

___________________________________
NM – Percentage is not meaningful
Revenues
Revenues for the year ended June 30, 2018 increased $21,299, or 3%, to $696,651 as compared with the prior year. The net increase was attributable to the following:
Increase in affiliation fee revenue
$
22,269

Decrease in advertising revenue
(2,801
)
Other net increases
1,831

 
$
21,299

The increase in affiliation fee revenue was primarily due to higher affiliation rates, partially offset by the impact of a low single-digit percentage decrease in average subscribers as compared with the prior year.
The decrease in advertising revenue was due to lower playoff-related advertising sales, partially offset by other net advertising increases.
Direct operating expenses
Direct operating expenses for the year ended June 30, 2018 increased $19,963, or 7%, to $291,082 as compared with the prior year due to higher rights fees expense of $16,056 and, to a lesser extent, higher other programming-related cost increases of $3,907. The increase in rights fees expense primarily reflects annual contractual rate increases, a step-up in expense related to the renewal of a rights agreement with the Buffalo Sabres, and additional league fees related to streaming rights. The increase in other programming-related cost was primarily due to the absence of the positive impact of the finalization of a matter related to the sale of Fuse recorded in the prior year period, and other programming-related cost increases.

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Selling, general and administrative expenses
Selling, general and administrative expenses for the year ended June 30, 2018 increased $4,033, or 5%, to $83,073 as compared with the prior year primarily due to higher employee compensation and related benefits (largely as a result of an increase in share-based compensation expense), partially offset by lower advertising and marketing costs and advertising sales commissions.
Operating income
Operating income for the year ended June 30, 2018 decreased $1,739, or 1%, to $313,158 as compared with the prior year period primarily due to (as discussed above) higher direct operating expenses and, to a lesser extent, higher selling, general and administrative expenses (including share-based compensation expense), largely offset by higher revenues and, to a lesser extent, lower depreciation and amortization.
Interest expense
Interest expense for the year ended June 30, 2018 increased $3,204, or 8%, to $43,312 as compared with the prior year primarily due to higher average interest rates in fiscal year 2018 (3.0% as compared with 2.5%), partially offset by a lower average principal balance under the Company’s term loan facility (see “Liquidity and Capital Resources — Financing Agreements”).
Income taxes
See Note 16 to the consolidated financial statements included in Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K for more information on income taxes.
Adjusted operating income
The Company has presented the components that reconcile operating income, a GAAP measure, to adjusted operating income:
 
Years Ended June 30,
 
Increase (Decrease)
in Adjusted Operating Income
 
2018
 
2017
 
Operating income
$
313,158

 
$
314,897

 
$
(1,739
)
Share-based compensation expense
13,979

 
9,931

 
4,048

Depreciation and amortization
9,338

 
10,296

 
(958
)
Adjusted operating income
$
336,475

 
$
335,124

 
$
1,351

Adjusted operating income for the year ended June 30, 2018 increased $1,351 to $336,475 as compared with the prior year primarily due to (as discussed above) higher revenues, largely offset by higher direct operating expenses and, to a lesser extent, higher selling, general and administrative expenses (excluding share-based compensation expense).
Liquidity and Capital Resources
Overview
Our primary sources of liquidity are cash and cash equivalents, cash flows from the operations of our business and available borrowing capacity under our $250,000 revolving credit facility (the “Revolving Credit Facility”) with a syndicate of lenders which was undrawn as of June 30, 2019 (see “Financing Agreements” below). Our principal uses of cash are expected to include working capital-related items, capital spending, taxes, debt service, and the repurchase of shares of the Company’s Class A common stock, par value $0.01 per share (“Class A Common Stock”). The Company’s use of its available liquidity will be based upon the ongoing review of the funding needs of the business, the optimal allocation of cash resources, and the timing of cash flow generation.
We believe we have sufficient liquidity, including $226,423 in cash and cash equivalents, as of June 30, 2019, as well as the available borrowing capacity under the Revolving Credit Facility and our anticipated operating cash flows, to fund our business operations, repurchase shares of the Company’s Class A Common Stock and service our outstanding term loan facility (see “Financing Agreements” below) over the next twelve months. However, potential subscriber reductions of our Distributors, changes in the demand for our programming, advertising revenue declines, our ability to maintain or obtain content, and other factors could adversely impact our business and results of operations, which might require that we seek alternative sources of funding through the capital and credit markets that may or may not be available to us.

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On December 7, 2017, the Company’s Board of Directors authorized the repurchase of up to $150,000 of the Company’s Class A Common Stock. Under the authorization, shares of Class A Common Stock may be purchased from time to time in open market or private transactions, block trades or such other manner as the Company may determine, in accordance with applicable insider trading and other securities laws and regulations. The timing and amount of purchases will depend on market conditions and other factors. As of June 30, 2019, the Company had $136,165 of availability remaining under its stock repurchase authorization. The Company did not repurchase shares during the year ended June 30, 2019.
Financing Agreements
On September 28, 2015, MSGN Holdings, L.P. (“MSGN L.P.”), an indirect wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company through which the Company conducts substantially all of its operations, MSGN Eden, LLC, an indirect subsidiary of the Company and the general partner of MSGN L.P., Regional MSGN Holdings LLC, a direct subsidiary of the Company and the limited partner of MSGN L.P. (collectively with MSGN Eden, LLC, the “Holdings Entities”), and certain subsidiaries of MSGN L.P. entered into a credit agreement (the “Credit Agreement”) with a syndicate of lenders.
The Credit Agreement provides MSGN L.P. with senior secured credit facilities consisting of: (a) an initial $1,550,000 term loan facility (the “Term Loan Facility”) and (b) the Revolving Credit Facility, each with a term of five years. As of June 30, 2019, there was $1,021,250 outstanding under the Term Loan Facility, and no borrowing under the Revolving Credit Facility. As of June 30, 2019, the Holdings Entities and MSGN L.P. and its restricted subsidiaries on a consolidated basis were in compliance with the financial covenants of the Credit Agreement.
See Note 7 to the consolidated financial statements included in Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K for more information on the Credit Agreement.
Contractual Obligations
As of June 30, 2019, future cash payments required under contracts entered into by the Company in the normal course of business are as follows:
 
Payments Due by Period
 
Total    
 
Year 1
 
Years 2-3
 
Years 4-5
 
More Than
5 Years
Contractual obligations (a)
$
4,128,205

 
$
258,361

 
$
515,433

 
$
510,598

 
$
2,843,813

Operating lease obligations (b)
19,913

 
5,644

 
8,105

 
6,164

 

Debt repayment (c)
1,021,250

 
114,375

 
906,875

 

 

Total
$
5,169,368

 
$
378,380

 
$
1,430,413

 
$
516,762

 
$
2,843,813

(a) Contractual obligations not reflected on the consolidated balance sheet consist primarily of the Companys obligations under media rights agreements.
(b) Operating lease obligations primarily represent future minimum rental payments on various long-term, noncancelable leases for office and studio space.
(c) Consists of principal repayments required under the Company’s Term Loan Facility.
Cash Flow Discussion
Operating Activities from continuing operations
Net cash provided by operating activities from continuing operations for the year ended June 30, 2019 decreased by $4,651 to $205,959 as compared with the prior year. This decrease was primarily driven by higher income taxes paid and lower income from continuing operations before income taxes, partially offset by the net impact of certain other items as compared with the prior year.
Net cash provided by operating activities from continuing operations for the year ended June 30, 2018 increased by $13,452 to $210,610 as compared with the prior year. This increase was primarily due to lower income taxes paid and, to a lesser extent, other net increases, partially offset by lower income from continuing operations before income taxes as compared with the prior year.

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Investing Activities from continuing operations
Net cash used in investing activities from continuing operations for the year ended June 30, 2019 increased by $1,155 to $4,879 as compared with the prior year due to an investment made in a nonconsolidated entity, partially offset by lower capital expenditures in the current year.
Net cash used in investing activities from continuing operations for the year ended June 30, 2018 decreased by $1,170 to $3,724 as compared with the prior year due to lower capital expenditures in the current year.
Financing Activities from continuing operations
Net cash used in financing activities from continuing operations for the year ended June 30, 2019 increased by $37,370 to $180,000 as compared with the prior year primarily due to higher voluntary principal repayments of $50,000 on the Companys Term Loan Facility made in the current year. This increase was partially offset by the absence of repurchases of the Companys Class A Common Stock in the current year as compared to $13,850 (including commissions and fees) used in the prior year for share repurchases under the Company’s share repurchase program.
Net cash used in financing activities from continuing operations for the year ended June 30, 2018 decreased by $27,139 to $142,630 as compared with the prior year. The decrease is due to lower principal repayments on the Company’s Term Loan Facility, partially offset by an increase in cash used for repurchases on the Company’s Class A Common Stock, and to a lesser extent, higher taxes paid in lieu of shares issued for share-based compensation. The decrease in principal repayments on the Company’s Term Loan Facility is the result of lower voluntary payments, partially offset by higher contractual
repayments as compared with the prior year.
Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements Not Yet Adopted and Critical Accounting Policies
Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements Not Yet Adopted
In February 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842), and subsequent ASUs that amended and/or clarified the application of ASU No. 2016-02, which supersedes the current guidance in Accounting Standards Codification (ASC) Topic 840, Leases. This ASU generally requires the recognition of all lease assets and lease liabilities on the balance sheet, including those leases previously classified as operating leases under GAAP. The amended guidance also requires additional quantitative and qualitative disclosures regarding the amount, timing, and uncertainty of cash flows arising from leases in order to provide additional information about the nature of an organization’s leasing activities. The Company will adopt this standard in the first quarter of fiscal year 2020, using the modified retrospective approach. The Company expects that the adoption of this standard will result in the addition of significant right of use assets and lease liabilities related to the Companys identified leases to its consolidated balance sheet, with no change to its consolidated statements of operations or cash flows.
In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-13, Financial Instruments — Credit Losses, which introduces a new impairment model for most financial assets and certain other instruments. For trade and other receivables, the Company will be required to use a forward-looking “expected loss” model that will replace the current “incurred loss” model and generally will result in earlier recognition of allowances for losses. This standard will be effective for the Company beginning in the first quarter of fiscal year 2021, with early adoption permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the impact this standard will have on its consolidated financial statements.
In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-14, Compensation — Retirement Benefits — Defined Benefit Plans — General (Topic 715-20): Disclosure Framework — Changes to the Disclosure Requirements for Defined Benefit Plans, which removes, adds, or clarifies disclosure requirements relating to defined benefit plans to improve disclosure effectiveness. This standard will be effective for the Company beginning in the fourth quarter of fiscal year 2021, with early adoption permitted. The standard is to be applied retroactively to all periods presented. The adoption of this standard is not expected to have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.
In March 2019, the FASB issued ASU No. 2019-02, Entertainment — Films — Other Assets — Film Costs (Subtopic 926-20) and Entertainment — Broadcasters — Intangibles — Goodwill and Other (Subtopic 920-350): Improvements to Accounting for Costs of Films and License Agreements for Program Materials, which amends ASC Subtopic 920-350 to align the accounting for production costs of an episodic television series with that for the costs of producing films. This standard will be effective for the Company beginning in the first quarter of fiscal year 2021, with early adoption permitted. The standard is to be applied prospectively to all periods presented. The Company is currently evaluating the impact this standard will have on its consolidated financial statements.

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Critical Accounting Policies
The preparation of the Company’s consolidated financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions about future events. These estimates and the underlying assumptions affect the amounts of assets and liabilities reported, disclosures about contingent assets and liabilities, and reported amounts of revenues and expenses. Management believes its use of estimates in the consolidated financial statements to be reasonable. The significant accounting policies which we believe are the most critical to aid in fully understanding and evaluating our reported financial results include the following:
Impairment of Long-Lived and Indefinite-Lived Assets
The Company’s long-lived and indefinite-lived assets, which account for approximately 54% of the Company’s consolidated total assets as of June 30, 2019, consist of the following:
Goodwill
$
424,508

Amortizable intangible assets, net
33,743

Property and equipment, net
9,302

 
$
467,553

In assessing the recoverability of the Company’s long-lived and indefinite-lived assets, the Company must make estimates and assumptions regarding future cash flows and other factors to determine the fair value of the respective assets. These estimates and assumptions could have a significant impact on whether an impairment charge is recognized and also the magnitude of any such charge. Fair value estimates are made at a specific point in time, based on relevant information. These estimates are subjective in nature and involve significant uncertainties and judgments and, therefore, cannot be determined with precision. Changes in assumptions could significantly affect the estimates. If these estimates or material related assumptions change in the future, the Company may be required to record impairment charges related to its long-lived and/or indefinite-lived assets.
Goodwill
Goodwill is tested annually for impairment as of August 31st and at any time upon the occurrence of certain events or substantive changes in circumstances. The Company early adopted ASU No. 2017-04, Intangibles — Goodwill and Other (Topic 350): Simplifying the Test for Goodwill Impairment (“ASU No. 2017-04”), which simplifies the measurement of goodwill impairment, for its August 31, 2018 test date. Under ASU No. 2017-04, the Company has the option to perform a qualitative assessment to determine if an impairment is more likely than not to have occurred. If the Company can support the conclusion that it is not more likely than not that the fair value of a reporting unit is less than its carrying amount, the Company does not need to perform the quantitative goodwill impairment test for that reporting unit. If the Company cannot support such a conclusion or the Company does not elect to perform the qualitative assessment, then the Company would perform the quantitative goodwill impairment test. The quantitative goodwill impairment test, used to identify both the existence of impairment and the amount of impairment loss, compares the fair value of a reporting unit with its carrying amount, including goodwill. If the fair value of a reporting unit exceeds its carrying amount, goodwill of the reporting unit is considered not impaired. If the carrying amount of a reporting unit exceeds its fair value, an impairment loss shall be recognized in an amount equal to that excess, limited to the total amount of goodwill allocated to that reporting unit.
The Company has one reporting unit for evaluating goodwill impairment. During the first quarter of fiscal year 2019, the Company performed its annual impairment test of goodwill by comparing the fair value of its reporting unit with its carrying value. As the Company’s reporting unit had a negative carrying value of net assets, there was no impairment of goodwill identified.
Other Long-Lived Assets
The Company reviews other long-lived assets (including intangible assets that are amortized and property and equipment) for impairment whenever events or circumstances indicate that the carrying amount may not be recoverable. If the undiscounted cash flows from a group of assets being evaluated is less than the carrying value of that group of assets, the fair value of the asset group is determined and the carrying value of the asset group is written down to fair value.
As of June 30, 2019, the Company’s intangible assets subject to amortization, which were affiliate relationships, have an estimated useful life of 24 years. The useful lives for the affiliate relationships were determined based upon an estimate for renewals of existing agreements the Company had in place with its major customers in April 2005 (the time that acquisition accounting was applied). The Company has renewed its major affiliation agreements and maintained customer relationships in the past and believes it will be able to renew its major affiliation agreements and maintain those customer relationships in the

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future. In light of these facts and circumstances, the Company has determined that its estimated useful lives are appropriate. However, it is possible that the Company will not successfully renew such agreements as they expire or that if it does, the net revenue earned may not equal or exceed the net revenue currently being earned, which could have a material negative effect on our business.
There have been periods when an existing affiliation agreement has expired and the parties have not finalized negotiations of either a renewal of that agreement or a new agreement for certain periods of time. In certain of these circumstances, Distributors may continue to carry the service(s) until the execution of definitive renewal or replacement agreements (or until we or the Distributor determine that carriage should cease). See “Part I — Item 1A. Risk Factors — The Success of Our Business Depends on Affiliation Fees We Receive Under Our Affiliation Agreements, the Loss of Which or Renewal of Which on Less Favorable Terms May Have a Material Negative Effect on Our Business and Results of Operations.”
If a Distributor ceases to carry the service on an other than temporary basis, the Company would record an impairment charge for the then remaining carrying value of the affiliate relationship intangible asset associated with that Distributor. If the Company were to renew an affiliation agreement at rates that produced materially less net revenue compared to the net revenue produced under the previous agreement, the Company would evaluate the impact on its cash flows and, if necessary, would further evaluate such indication of potential impairment by following the policy described above for the asset or asset group containing that intangible asset. The Company also would evaluate whether the remaining useful life of the affiliate relationship remained appropriate. Based on the carrying value of the affiliate relationships recorded as of June 30, 2019, if the estimated life of these affiliate relationships were shortened by 10%, the effect on amortization for the year ended June 30, 2019 would be an increase of approximately $384.
Defined Benefit Pension Plans and Other Postretirement Benefit Plan
The Company utilizes actuarial methods to calculate pension and other postretirement benefit obligations and the related net periodic benefit cost, which are based on actuarial assumptions. Two key assumptions, the discount rate and, for the Company’s funded pension plan, the expected long-term rate of return on plan assets, are important elements of the plans’ expense and liability measurement and we evaluate these key assumptions annually. Other assumptions include demographic factors, such as mortality, retirement age and turnover. The actuarial assumptions used by the Company may differ materially from actual results due to various factors, including, but not limited to, changing economic and market conditions. Differences between actual and expected occurrences could significantly impact the actual amount of net periodic benefit cost and the benefit obligation recorded by the Company. Material changes in the costs of the plans may occur in the future due to changes in these assumptions, changes in the number of the plan participants, changes in the level of benefits provided, changes in asset levels and changes in legislation. The Company’s assumptions reflect its historical experience and our best judgment regarding future expectations.
Accumulated and projected benefit obligations reflect the present value of future cash payments for benefits. The Company used the Willis Towers Watson U.S. Rate Link: 40-90 Discount Rate Model (which is developed by examining the yields on selected highly rated corporate bonds) to discount these benefit payments on a plan by plan basis, to select the rates at which the Company believes each plan’s benefits could be effectively settled. Lower discount rates increase the present value of benefit obligations and will usually increase the subsequent year’s net periodic benefit cost. The weighted-average discount rates used to determine benefit obligations as of June 30, 2019 for the Company’s pension plans and postretirement plan were 3.53% and 3.23%, respectively. A 25 basis point decrease in these assumed discount rates would increase the projected benefit obligations for the Company’s pension plans and postretirement plan at June 30, 2019 by $1,460 and $50, respectively. The weighted-average discount rates used to determine the service cost and interest cost components of net periodic benefit cost for the year ended June 30, 2019 for the Company’s pension plans were 4.25% and 3.93%, respectively. The weighted-average discount rates used to determine the service cost and interest cost components of net periodic benefit cost for the year ended June 30, 2019 for the Company’s postretirement plan were 4.24% and 3.80%, respectively. A 25 basis point decrease in these assumed discount rates would increase the total net periodic benefit cost for the Company’s pension plans by $100 and decrease net periodic benefit cost for the postretirement plan by $2 for the year ended June 30, 2019.
The Company’s expected long-term rate of return on plan assets is based on a periodic review and modeling of the plan’s asset allocation structures over a long-term horizon. Expectations of returns for each asset class used in the review and modeling are based on comprehensive reviews of historical data, forward-looking economic outlook, and economic/financial market theory. The expected long-term rate of return was selected from within the reasonable range of rates determined by (a) historical real returns, net of inflation, for the asset classes covered by the investment policy, and (b) projections of inflation over the long-term period during which benefits are payable to plan participants. The expected long-term rate of return on plan assets for the Company’s funded pension plan was 3.72% for the year ended June 30, 2019. Performance of the capital markets affects the value of assets that are held in trust to satisfy future obligations under the Company’s funded plan. Adverse market performance in the future could result in lower rates of return for these assets than projected by the Company which could

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increase the Company’s funding requirements related to this plan, as well as negatively affect the Company’s operating results by increasing the net periodic benefit cost. A 25 basis point decrease in the long-term rate of return on pension plan assets assumption would increase net periodic pension benefit cost by $45 for the year ended June 30, 2019.
Another important assumption for our postretirement plan is healthcare cost trend rates. We developed our estimate of the healthcare cost trend rates through examination of the Company’s claims experience and the results of recent healthcare trend surveys.
Assumed healthcare cost trend rates used to determine the benefit obligation and net periodic benefit cost for our postretirement plan as of and for the year ended June 30, 2019 are as follows:
 
Net Periodic
Benefit Cost
 
Benefit Obligation
Healthcare cost trend rate assumed for next year
7.00
%
 
6.75
%
Rate to which the cost trend rate is assumed to decline (the ultimate trend rate)
5.00
%
 
5.00
%
Year that the rate reaches the ultimate trend rate
2027

 
2027

A one percentage point change in assumed healthcare cost trend rates would have the following effects on the benefit obligation and net periodic benefit cost for our postretirement plan as of and for the year ended June 30, 2019:
 
Increase
(Decrease) in
Total of Service
and Interest Cost
Components
 
Increase
(Decrease) in
Benefit Obligation
One percentage point increase
$
12

 
$
205

One percentage point decrease
(11
)
 
(185
)
GAAP includes mechanisms that serve to limit the volatility in the Company’s earnings that otherwise would result from recording changes in the value of plan assets and benefit obligations in our consolidated financial statements in the periods in which those changes occur. For example, while the expected long-term rate of return on the plan’s assets should, over time, approximate the actual long-term returns, differences between the expected and actual returns could occur in any given year. These differences contribute to the deferred actuarial gains or losses, which are then amortized over time.
See Note 12 to the consolidated financial statements included in Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K for more information on our pension plans and other postretirement benefit plan.
Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
For sensitivity analyses and other information regarding market risks we face in connection with our pension and postretirement plans, see “Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations —Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements Not Yet Adopted and Critical Accounting Policies — Critical Accounting Policies — Defined Benefit Pension Plans and Other Postretirement Benefit Plan,” which information is incorporated by reference herein.
Our market risk exposure to interest rate risk relates to any borrowing we may incur.
Borrowings under the credit agreement, dated September 28, 2015, among MSGN Holdings, L.P., MSGN Eden, LLC, Regional MSGN Holdings LLC and certain subsidiaries of MSGN Holdings, L.P. and a syndicate of lenders (the “Credit Agreement”) bear interest, based on our election, at a floating rate based upon LIBOR, the New York Fed Bank Rate or the U.S. Prime Rate, plus, in each case, an additional rate which is fixed for an initial period of time and thereafter dependent upon our total leverage ratio at the time. Accordingly, we are subject to interest rate risk with respect to the tenor of any borrowings we may incur under the Credit Agreement. The effect of a hypothetical 100 basis point increase in floating interest rates prevailing at June 30, 2019 and continuing for a full year would increase interest expense related to the amount outstanding under our $1.550 billion term loan facility provided under the Credit Agreement by $9,833. If appropriate, we may seek to reduce such exposure through the use of interest rate swaps or similar instruments. See “Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations — Liquidity and Capital Resources — Financing Agreements” for more information on our Credit Agreement.
We have de minimis foreign currency risk exposure as our business operates almost entirely in U.S. Dollars. We do not have any meaningful commodity risk exposures associated with our operations.

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Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data
The Financial Statements required by this Item 8 appear beginning on page F-1 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K, and are incorporated by reference herein.
Item 9. Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure
None.
Item 9A. Controls and Procedures
Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures
An evaluation was carried out under the supervision and with the participation of the Company’s management, including our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, of the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Exchange Act) as of the end of the period covered by this report. Based upon that evaluation, the Company’s Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer concluded that as of June 30, 2019 the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures were effective.
Management’s Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting
Management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting, as such term is defined in Rule 13a-15(f) under the Exchange Act. The Company’s internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that: (i) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the Company, (ii) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the Company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the Company, and (iii) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the Company’s assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.
Internal control over financial reporting is designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements prepared for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.
Under the supervision and with the participation of management, including the Company’s Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, the Company conducted an evaluation of the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting based on the framework in Internal Control — Integrated Framework (2013) issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission. Based on the results of this evaluation, our management concluded that our internal control over financial reporting was effective as of June 30, 2019.
The effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting as of June 30, 2019 has been audited by KPMG LLP, an independent registered public accounting firm, as stated in their report which is included herein.
Changes in Internal Controls
There were no changes in the Company’s internal control over financial reporting (as such term is defined in Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f) under the Exchange Act) during the fiscal quarter ended June 30, 2019 that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, the Company’s internal control over financial reporting.
Item 9B. Other Information
None.

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PART III
Item 10. Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance
Information relating to our directors, executive officers, and corporate governance will be included in the proxy statement for the 2019 annual meeting of the Company’s stockholders, which is expected to be filed within 120 days of our fiscal year end, and is incorporated herein by reference.
Item 11. Executive Compensation
Information relating to executive compensation will be included in the proxy statement for the 2019 annual meeting of the Company’s stockholders, which is expected to be filed within 120 days of our fiscal year end, and is incorporated herein by reference.
Item 12. Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters
Information relating to the beneficial ownership of our common stock will be included in the proxy statement for the 2019 annual meeting of the Company’s stockholders, which is expected to be filed within 120 days of our fiscal year end, and is incorporated herein by reference.
Item 13. Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence
Information relating to certain relationships and related transactions and director independence will be included in the proxy statement for the 2019 annual meeting of the Company’s stockholders, which is expected to be filed within 120 days of our fiscal year end, and is incorporated herein by reference.
Item 14. Principal Accountant Fees and Services
Information relating to principal accountant fees and services will be included in the proxy statement for the 2019 annual meeting of the Company’s stockholders, which is expected to be filed within 120 days of our fiscal year end, and is incorporated herein by reference.
PART IV
Item 15. Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules
 
 
 
 
Page No.
The following documents are filed as part of this report:
 
 
 
 
 
 
1.
The financial statements as indicated in the index set forth on page
 
 
 
 
 
 
2.
Financial statement schedule:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Schedule supporting consolidated financial statements
 
 
 

 
Schedules other than that listed above have been omitted, since they are either not applicable, not required or the information is included elsewhere herein.
3.
Exhibits:
 
 

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EXHIBIT
NO.
 
DESCRIPTION
2.1
 

3.1
 

3.1.A
 

3.1.B
 
3.2
 

4.1
 

4.2
 

4.3
 

4.4
 

4.5
 
10.1
 

10.2
 

10.3
 

10.4


10.5
 

10.6
 
10.7
 

10.8
 

10.9
 
10.10
 
10.11
 
10.12
 


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10.13
 

10.14
 

10.15
 

10.16
 
10.17
 

10.18
 

10.19
 
10.20
 

10.21
 

10.22
 

10.23
 

10.24
 

10.25
 
10.26
 
10.27
 
10.28
 
21.1
 
23.1
 
24.1
 
31.1
 
31.2
 
32.1
 
32.2
 

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EXHIBIT
NO.
 
DESCRIPTION
101.INS
 
XBRL Instance Document.
101.SCH
 
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema.
101.CAL
 
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase.
101.DEF
 
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase.
101.LAB
 
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase.
101.PRE
 
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase.
This exhibit is a management contract or a compensatory plan or arrangement.
Item 16. Form 10-K Summary
The Company has elected not to provide a summary.

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MSG NETWORKS INC.
SCHEDULE II
VALUATION AND QUALIFYING ACCOUNTS
(in thousands)
 
Balance at
Beginning
of Period
 
(Additions) Deductions Charged to Costs and Expenses
 
(Additions) Deductions Charged to Other Accounts
 
Deductions (a)
 
Balance
at End of
Period
Year Ended June 30, 2019 Allowance for doubtful accounts
$
(509
)
 
$
(930
)
 
$

 
$
270

 
$
(1,169
)
Year Ended June 30, 2018 Allowance for doubtful accounts
$
(594
)
 
$
(17
)
 
$

 
$
102

 
$
(509
)
Year Ended June 30, 2017 Allowance for doubtful accounts
$
(838
)
 
$
242

 
$

 
$
2

 
$
(594
)
_____________________________
(a) Primarily reflects write-offs of uncollectible amounts.




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SIGNATURES
Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, the Registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized, on the 21st day of August, 2019.
MSG Networks Inc.
 
 
By:    
/s/    BRET RICHTER
 
Name:
Bret Richter
 
Title:
Executive Vice President, Chief Financial Officer and Treasurer
 
 
 
POWER OF ATTORNEY
KNOW ALL MEN BY THESE PRESENTS, that each person whose signature appears below constitutes and appoints Andrea Greenberg and Bret Richter, and each of them, as such person's true and lawful attorneys-in-fact and agents, with full power of substitution and resubstitution, for such person in such person's name, place and stead, in any and all capacities, to sign this report, and file the same, with all exhibits thereto, and other documents in connection therewith, with the Securities and Exchange Commission, granting unto said attorneys-in-fact and agents, full power and authority to do and perform each and every act and thing requisite and necessary to be done as fully to all intents and purposes as he might or could do in person, hereby ratifying and confirming all that said attorneys-in-fact and agents or any of them may lawfully do or cause to be done by virtue hereof.
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, this report has been signed below by the following persons in the capacities and on the dates indicated.
Name
 
Title
 
Date
/s/    ANDREA GREENBERG
 
President & Chief Executive Officer
(Principal Executive Officer)
 
August 21, 2019
Andrea Greenberg
 
 
 
 
/s/    BRET RICHTER
 
Executive Vice President, Chief Financial Officer and Treasurer (Principal Financial Officer)
 
August 21, 2019
Bret Richter
 
 
 
 
/s/    DAWN DARINO-GORKSI
 
Senior Vice President, Controller and
Principal Accounting Officer
 
August 21, 2019
Dawn Darino-Gorski
 
 
 
 
/s/    JAMES L. DOLAN
 
Executive Chairman (Director)
 
August 21, 2019
James L. Dolan
 
 
 
 
/s/    WILLIAM J. BELL
 
Director
 
August 21, 2019
William J. Bell
 
 
 
 
/s/    CHARLES F. DOLAN
 
Director
 
August 21, 2019
Charles F. Dolan
 
 
 
 
/s/    KRISTIN A. DOLAN
 
Director
 
August 21, 2019
Kristin A. Dolan
 
 
 
 
/s/    PAUL J. DOLAN
 
Director
 
August 21, 2019
Paul J. Dolan
 
 
 
 
/s/    QUENTIN F. DOLAN
 
Director
 
August 21, 2019
Quentin F. Dolan
 
 
 
 

40

Table of Contents

Name
 
Title
 
Date
/s/    THOMAS C. DOLAN
 
Director
 
August 21, 2019
Thomas C. Dolan
 
 
 
 
/s/    JOSEPH J. LHOTA
 
Director
 
August 21, 2019
Joseph J. Lhota
 
 
 
 
/s/    JOEL M. LITVIN
 
Director
 
August 21, 2019
Joel M. Litvin
 
 
 
 
/s/    HANK J. RATNER
 
Director
 
August 21, 2019
Hank J. Ratner
 
 
 
 
/s/    BRIAN G. SWEENEY
 
Director
 
August 21, 2019
Brian G. Sweeney
 
 
 
 
/s/   JOHN L. SYKES
 
Director
 
August 21, 2019
John L. Sykes
 
 
 
 


41

Table of Contents

INDEX TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 
Page  






F-1

Table of Contents

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm
To the Stockholders and Board of Directors
MSG Networks Inc.:
Opinion on the Consolidated Financial Statements
We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of MSG Networks Inc. and subsidiaries (the Company) as of June 30, 2019 and 2018, the related consolidated statements of operations, comprehensive income, stockholders’ deficiency, and cash flows for each of the years in the three‑year period ended June 30, 2019, and the related notes and financial statement schedule II (collectively, the consolidated financial statements). In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of the Company as of June 30, 2019 and 2018, and the results of its operations and its cash flows for each of the years in the three‑year period ended June 30, 2019, in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles.
We also have audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (PCAOB), the Company’s internal control over financial reporting as of June 30, 2019, based on criteria established in Internal Control - Integrated Framework (2013) issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission, and our report dated August 21, 2019 expressed an unqualified opinion on the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting.
Basis for Opinion
These consolidated financial statements are the responsibility of the Company’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these consolidated financial statements based on our audits. We are a public accounting firm registered with the PCAOB and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.
We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the consolidated financial statements are free of material misstatement, whether due to error or fraud. Our audits included performing procedures to assess the risks of material misstatement of the consolidated financial statements, whether due to error or fraud, and performing procedures that respond to those risks. Such procedures included examining, on a test basis, evidence regarding the amounts and disclosures in the consolidated financial statements. Our audits also included evaluating the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the consolidated financial statements. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.
Critical Audit Matter
The critical audit matter communicated below is a matter arising from the current period audit of the consolidated financial statements that was communicated or required to be communicated to the audit committee and that: (1) relates to accounts or disclosures that are material to the consolidated financial statements and (2) involved our especially challenging, subjective, or complex judgment. The communication of a critical audit matter does not alter in any way our opinion on the consolidated financial statements, taken as a whole, and we are not, by communicating the critical audit matter below, providing a separate opinion on the critical audit matter or on the accounts or disclosures to which it relates.
Evaluation of the identification of related parties and related party transactions
As discussed in Note 15 to the consolidated financial statements, the Dolan family, including trusts for the benefit of members of the Dolan family (collectively, the Dolan Family Group) is the majority beneficial owner of the Company, The Madison Square Garden Company (MSG), and AMC Networks, Inc. (AMC). In addition, there are certain overlapping directors and executive officers between the companies. Each of these entities is a related party. The Company has entered into a number of transactions with MSG, including agreements for media rights, advertising sales representation, trademark licensing, tax disaffiliation, services, as well as others such as aircraft time sharing, and certain shared executive support costs for the Company’s Executive Chairman and Vice Chairman. The Company has also entered into an arrangement with AMC for the provision of certain services. Further, the Company has entered into an arrangement with the Dolan Family Office, MSG, and AMC for shared office space.
We identified the evaluation of the identification of related parties and related party transactions as a critical audit matter. Auditor judgment was involved in assessing the sufficiency of the procedures performed to identify related parties and related party transactions of the Company.

F-2

Table of Contents

The primary procedures we performed to address this critical audit matter included the following. We tested certain internal controls over the Company’s related party process, including controls over the identification of the Company’s related party relationships and transactions. We performed the following procedures to evaluate the identification of related parties and related party transactions by the Company:
Read public filings, external news, and research sources for information related to transactions between the Company and related parties;
Listened to the Company’s quarterly investor relations calls;
Queried the accounts payable system for transactions with related parties;
Inspected questionnaires from the Company’s directors and officers;
Evaluated the Company’s reconciliations of its applicable accounts to the related parties’ records of transactions and balances;
Inspected the Company’s minutes from meetings of the Board of Directors and related committees;
Read new agreements and contracts between the Company and related parties; and
Inquired with executive officers, key members of management, and the Audit Committee of the Board of Directors regarding related party transactions.

/s/ KPMG LLP

We have served as the Company’s auditor since 1997.

New York, New York

August 21, 2019




F-3

Table of Contents

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm
To the Stockholders and Board of Directors
MSG Networks Inc.:

Opinion on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting
We have audited MSG Networks Inc. and subsidiaries’ (the Company) internal control over financial reporting as of June 30, 2019, based on criteria established in Internal Control - Integrated Framework (2013) issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission. In our opinion, the Company maintained, in all material respects, effective internal control over financial reporting as of June 30, 2019, based on criteria established in Internal Control - Integrated Framework (2013) issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission.
We also have audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (PCAOB), the consolidated balance sheets of the Company as of June 30, 2019 and 2018, the related consolidated statements of operations, comprehensive income, stockholders’ deficiency, and cash flows for each of the years in the three-year period ended June 30, 2019, the related notes and financial statement schedule II, (collectively, the consolidated financial statements), and our report dated August 21, 2019 expressed an unqualified opinion on those consolidated financial statements.
Basis for Opinion
The Company’s management is responsible for maintaining effective internal control over financial reporting and for its assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting, included in the accompanying Management’s Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company’s internal control over financial reporting based on our audit. We are a public accounting firm registered with the PCAOB and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.
We conducted our audit in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether effective internal control over financial reporting was maintained in all material respects. Our audit of internal control over financial reporting included obtaining an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, assessing the risk that a material weakness exists, and testing and evaluating the design and operating effectiveness of internal control based on the assessed risk. Our audit also included performing such other procedures as we considered necessary in the circumstances. We believe that our audit provides a reasonable basis for our opinion.
Definition and Limitations of Internal Control Over Financial Reporting
A company’s internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. A company’s internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that (1) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the company; (2) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the company; and (3) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the company’s assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.
Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.
/s/ KPMG LLP
New York, New York
August 21, 2019

F-4

Table of Contents

MSG NETWORKS INC.
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(in thousands, except per share data)
 
June 30,
 
2019
 
2018
ASSETS
 
 
 
Current Assets:
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
226,423

 
$
205,343

Accounts receivable, net
108,349

 
110,657

Related party receivables, net
16,091

 
12,100

Prepaid income taxes
1,968

 
1,134

Prepaid expenses
2,003

 
4,489

Other current assets
5,286

 
4,719

Total current assets
360,120

 
338,442

Property and equipment, net
9,302

 
10,029

Amortizable intangible assets, net
33,743

 
37,203

Goodwill
424,508

 
424,508

Other assets
39,226

 
39,430

Total assets
$
866,899

 
$
849,612

 
 
 
 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' DEFICIENCY
 
 
 
Current Liabilities:
 
 
 
Accounts payable
$
907

 
$
1,460

Related party payables
941

 
785

Current portion of long-term debt
111,789

 
72,414

Income taxes payable

 
8,460

Accrued liabilities:
 
 
 
Employee related costs
15,466

 
15,342

Other accrued liabilities
13,898

 
8,129

Deferred revenue
185

 
4,626

Total current liabilities
143,186

 
111,216

Long-term debt, net of current portion
906,228

 
1,118,017

Defined benefit and other postretirement obligations
25,834

 
28,170

Other employee related costs
4,713

 
4,560

Other liabilities
2,310

 
3,974

Deferred tax liability
243,396

 
241,417

Total liabilities
1,325,667

 
1,507,354

Commitments and contingencies (see Notes 8, 9 and 10)


 


Stockholders' Deficiency:
 
 
 
Class A Common Stock, par value $0.01, 360,000 shares authorized; 61,287 and 61,017 shares outstanding as of June 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively
643

 
643

Class B Common Stock, par value $0.01, 90,000 shares authorized; 13,589 shares outstanding as of June 30, 2019 and 2018
136

 
136

Preferred stock, par value $0.01, 45,000 shares authorized; none outstanding

 

Additional paid-in capital
9,916

 
4,067

Treasury stock, at cost, 2,972 and 3,242 shares as of June 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively
(179,561
)
 
(195,881
)
Accumulated deficit
(282,414
)
 
(460,007
)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(7,488
)
 
(6,700
)
Total stockholders' deficiency
(458,768
)
 
(657,742
)
Total liabilities and stockholders' deficiency
$
866,899

 
$
849,612


See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

F-5

Table of Contents

MSG NETWORKS INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(in thousands, except per share data)
 
 
Years Ended June 30,
 
2019
 
2018
 
2017
Revenues (including related party revenues of $0, $230 and $0, for the years ended June 30, 2019, 2018, and 2017, respectively)
$
720,845

 
$
696,651

 
$
675,352

 
 
 
 
 
 
Direct operating expenses (including related party expenses of $152,136, $148,580 and $142,080, for the years ended June 30, 2019, 2018, and 2017, respectively)
300,274

 
291,082

 
271,119

Selling, general and administrative expenses (including related party expenses of $25,725, $22,240 and $21,732, for the years ended June 30, 2019, 2018, and 2017, respectively)
103,274

 
83,073

 
79,040

Depreciation and amortization
7,398

 
9,338

 
10,296

Operating income
309,899

 
313,158

 
314,897

Other income (expense):
 
 
 
 
 
Interest income
6,343

 
4,388

 
2,782

Interest expense
(47,589
)
 
(43,312
)
 
(40,108
)
Other components of net periodic benefit cost
244

 
(1,710
)
 
(1,633
)
 
(41,002
)
 
(40,634
)
 
(38,959
)
Income from continuing operations before income taxes
268,897

 
272,524

 
275,938

Income tax benefit (expense)
(82,715
)
 
16,338

 
(108,476
)
Income from continuing operations
$
186,182

 
$
288,862

 
$
167,462

Loss from discontinued operations, net of taxes


 

 
(120
)
Net income

$
186,182

 
$
288,862

 
$
167,342

Earnings (loss) per share:

 
 
 
 
 
Basic

 
 
 
 
 
Income from continuing operations

$
2.48

 
$
3.83

 
$
2.23

Loss from discontinued operations


 

 

Net income

2.48

 
3.83

 
2.22

Diluted

 
 
 
 
 
Income from continuing operations

$
2.46

 
$
3.81

 
$
2.22

Loss from discontinued operations


 

 

Net income

2.46

 
3.81

 
2.21

Weighted-average number of common shares outstanding:
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
75,069

 
75,381

 
75,213

Diluted
75,731

 
75,820

 
75,560

 
See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

F-6

Table of Contents

MSG NETWORKS INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
(in thousands)
 
Years Ended June 30,
 
2019
 
2018
 
2017
Net income
$
186,182

 
$
288,862

 
$
167,342

Other comprehensive income (loss), before income taxes:
 
 
 
 
 
Pension plans and postretirement plan:
 
 
 
 
 
Net unamortized gains (losses) arising during the period
$
(1,587
)
 
$
1,163

 
$
1,144

Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive loss:
 
 
 
 
 
Amortization of net actuarial loss included in net periodic benefit cost
483

 
656

 
724

Amortization of prior service credit included in net periodic benefit cost
(7
)
 
(13
)
 
(24
)
Settlement gain
(5
)
 

 
(71
)
Other comprehensive income (loss), before income taxes
(1,116
)
 
1,806

 
1,773

Income tax benefit (expense) related to items of other comprehensive income (loss)
328

 
(559
)
 
(740
)
Other comprehensive income (loss)
(788
)
 
1,247

 
1,033

Comprehensive income
$
185,394

 
$
290,109

 
$
168,375


See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.



F-7

Table of Contents

MSG NETWORKS INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(in thousands)
 
Years Ended June 30,
 
2019
 
2018
 
2017
Cash flows from operating activities from continuing operations:
 
 
 
 
 
Net income
$
186,182

 
$
288,862

 
$
167,342

Loss from discontinued operations, net of taxes


 

 
120

Income from continuing operations

186,182

 
288,862

 
167,462

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities from continuing operations:
 
 
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization
7,398

 
9,338

 
10,296

Amortization of deferred financing costs
3,003

 
3,003

 
3,004

Share-based compensation expense
18,087

 
13,979

 
9,931

Provision for doubtful accounts
930

 
17

 
(242
)
Change in assets and liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
Accounts receivable, net
1,371

 
(5,391
)
 
(3,361
)
Related party receivables, net
(3,984
)
 
4,800

 
(1,661
)
Prepaid expenses and other assets
4,464

 
1,398

 
8,015

Accounts payable
(553
)
 
219

 
(802
)
Related party payables, including payable to MSG
277

 
(2,171
)
 
(3,154
)
Prepaid/payable for income taxes
(9,294
)
 
10,165

 
16,883

Accrued and other liabilities
364

 
(2,168
)
 
(2,694
)
Deferred revenue
(4,441
)
 
(445
)
 
(1,072
)
Deferred income taxes
2,155

 
(110,996
)
 
(5,447
)
Net cash provided by operating activities from continuing operations
205,959

 
210,610

 
197,158

Cash flows from investing activities from continuing operations:

 
 
 
 
 
Capital expenditures
(2,879
)
 
(3,724
)
 
(4,894
)
Investment in nonconsolidated entity
(2,000
)
 

 

Net cash used in investing activities from continuing operations
(4,879
)
 
(3,724
)
 
(4,894
)
Cash flows from financing activities from continuing operations:
 
 
 
 
 
Principal repayments on Term Loan Facility (see Note 7)
(175,000
)
 
(125,000
)
 
(167,500
)
Proceeds from stock option exercises

 

 
2

Repurchases of common stock

 
(13,850
)
 

Taxes paid in lieu of shares issued for share-based compensation
(5,000
)
 
(3,780
)
 
(2,271
)
Net cash used in financing activities from continuing operations
(180,000
)
 
(142,630
)
 
(169,769
)
Net cash provided by continuing operations

21,080

 
64,256

 
22,495

Cash flows of discontinued operations:

 
 
 
 
 
Net cash used in operating activities


 

 
(976
)
Net cash used in investing activities


 

 

Net cash used in financing activities


 

 

Net cash used in discontinued operations


 

 
(976
)
Net increase in cash and cash equivalents
21,080

 
64,256

 
21,519

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period

205,343

 
141,087

 
119,568

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
$
226,423

 
$
205,343

 
$
141,087


See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

F-8

Table of Contents

MSG NETWORKS INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS' DEFICIENCY
(in thousands)
 
Common
Stock
Issued
 
Additional
Paid-In Capital
 
Treasury
Stock
 
Accumulated Deficit